Normal pulse of an adult and children. Possible deviations and parameters
For the diagnosis of the human bodythere are many methods. Often they are used by therapists or the people themselves. These methods allow you to determine the current status of a person without identifying detailed signs of certain diseases without conducting detailed diagnostics. One of these is the determination of the pulse. So, the normal pulse of an adult person is in the range of 60-80 beats per minute. However, this is not always the norm for an adult. Everyone has his own individual characteristics, which affects the number of heartbeats per minute.
These can be congenital diseases,features of the structure and structure of the body, life and so on. Because of this, the pulse of an adult can be more frequent or slower. From medical terms it is known that a frequent pulse can characterize the disease with tachycardia. In turn, a rare pulse can occur with a bradycardia. Naturally, this is bad, but not deadly and people live with such parameters all their lives. Pay attention to the phrase "can mean" and "can have." Reflections and conclusions about the pulse can be done only in the case of a calm person.
If a person performs any kind of workload: mental or physical; then the pulse values may change. This is the basis of the "lie detector" principle. If a person experiences - it is displayed on his pulse. If we talk about possible diseases, if the pulse rate is rejected in adults, then we should know about the basic concepts that characterize the pulse as a phenomenon. Another factor is the age of a person. In newborns, the beats per minute range from 120-140. In older people, it can be overestimated or understated, due to illnesses, aging of the body and other factors.
If the high pulse in infants is determinedgrowth of the body, pure venous or arterial pathways and accelerated metabolism, the elderly have only aging and disease. It should be understood that the pulse rate depends on the resistance of the channels, the blood state, the elasticity of the canal walls and the amount of blood discharged (impulse). Consequently, the normal pulse of an adult in an absolutely healthy state will be within the normal range.
Speaking of diseases, it should also be notedrhythm of pulse. If the rhythm is good, then this is the normal pulse of an adult (about 60-80 strokes), if the rhythm is uneven, then this is the arrhythmia of the heart. The heart is a rather loaded organ of a person, which starts before the birth of the person and works until the last breath. Can you imagine at least one mechanism that works about so much? In terms of technology - it's unrealistic. But the heart is subject to various kinds of stresses, different from normal. An example of this is stress, physical overexertion or external factors.
Scientists note that if the ambient temperatureincreases by 1 degree Celsius, then the pulse increases by 8-10 strokes on average. Therefore, every person should monitor their own condition and the environment. If something changes, then it must necessarily react to it. To facilitate the tracking of pulse activity, in our time there are many instruments. These devices especially help sick people when tracking dynamics. Because for them it is of great importance.
Pulse has a certain set of characteristics,which characterize the normal pulse of an adult or a child. First of all, it can differ in venous, arterial and capillary. The difference is, where it is determined: in the veins, in the arteries or capillaries, respectively. Naturally, in different places it will have different meanings, since different channel cross-section, different pulse and different blood. An interesting fact - a female normal pulse will be higher than that of a male. This is due only to the anatomy of different sexes.
Also there are such parameters of the pulse as:
- frequency - characterizes the number of strokes per unit of time;
- rhythm - constancy of strokes - is expressed by the schedule;
- speed - quality of impacts - dynamics of falling and increasing pressure;
- tension - resistance of the canal and blood quality;
- filling - characterizes the work performed by the heart.