What kind of pulse should an adult have, and what is evidenced by his changes?
In Chinese ancient medicine, up to 70different kinds of pulse! It is interesting that the body is diagnosed here, based on the measurement of the pulse. This is a kind of indicator of the health of the entire human body. Indeed, the rhythm of the heart plays a crucial role in our life, and if there have been some failures in the work of this or that organ, the pulse will necessarily signal it. So what kind of pulse should an adult have in order to be able to say that he is normal?
The pulse rate according to WHO
It is interesting that this indicator in children andadults is very different. Thus, the frequency of heart contractions in an infant is approximately twice that of an adult. With age, the pulse decreases, and by the age of 17 the teenager's heart rate is approaching the "adult" mark.
According to WHO, the pulse rate in an adultranges from 60 to 80 beats per minute. Allowed and a slight increase - up to 90 strokes. If the values are higher or lower, you should consult a doctor, as this may indicate any abnormalities in the work of the heart and other diseases. For example, many athletes have very low pulse rates - up to 40 strokes, that is, suffer from bradycardia. An ordinary person who does not have permanent debilitating physical exertion, this should not be.
Pulse and heart problems
In some cases, the heart rate may not becoincide with the heart rate. This condition is typical for people with extrasystole or atrial fibrillation. This is one of the most common types of arrhythmia. Often, the increase in heart rate is triggered by the use of alcohol and a large amount of caffeine, as well as smoking. If a person who is at rest has an increase in heart rate, then this is one of the signs of the following diseases: heart failure, fever, anemia and some others.
Day and night pulse
By the way, day and night heart rateare different. What pulse should an adult have in a dream state? On average, this figure is reduced to 1.4 times. The lowest pulse can be fixed at about 4 o'clock in the morning. This is due to the activity of the vagus nerve, which inhibits the work of the heart during the night hours, and the next morning the pulse is too low (32 beats per minute and even lower). That is why the risk of heart attacks and other cardiovascular complications in the early morning (at 4-5 am) usually increases.
It is very important to note that the normal frequencythe pulse of an adult person, fixed on both hands, should be the same. Otherwise, the discrepancy may indicate abnormalities that hinder the flow of blood into one of the extremities (arteritis, stenosis of the aorta or peripheral arteries).
Changes in pulse frequency and their causes
By measuring the pulse rate for different activities,you can see that it can vary significantly. What kind of pulse should an adult have when doing sports? For each given indicator is individual. In order to determine the pulse, the maximum allowable for you, subtract from 200 the number of years lived. For example, in a person aged 50 years, the pulse rate should not be more than 150 beats (in a state of physical activity).
One more important remark. It will not be superfluous to know what pulse should be in an adult person when the temperature rises. If you are sick, the pulse can react to it more often, increasing by an average of 8-10 beats per minute with a temperature increase of 1 degree. It's worth remembering and not panicking. The pulse rate is also logical in other cases: immediately after eating, after drinking alcohol, when going from sitting to sitting position, etc.
Pulse and longevity
Thus, the pulse is able to tell us aboutand give a signal in case there have been any violations. By the way, it is believed that low pulse rates (within the limits of the norm) are the pledge of a long life. This is facilitated by regular exercise and proper nutrition.