/ / Manager's style of management: authoritarian, democratic, liberal-anarchist, inconsistent, situational

Management style of the leader: authoritarian, democratic, liberal-anarchic, inconsistent, situational

"Every broom sweeps in its own way" - in this folkthe proverb is hidden the idea of ​​a variety of personality types of leaders and their management styles. Carefully observing the work of several managers in the team, you can see the difference in the formation of working relations. The management style of the manager directly affects the results of the company's activities. This fact can explain why some companies are closed, while others live and thrive even in times of crisis.

Personality of the leader, management styles andthe results of the company - these things are closely related. By combining several methods of leadership, you can approach the ideal result. After all, leadership style and management effectiveness are inseparable things. If you are the boss, it is important for you to understand what kind of person you really are. So you will understand your strengths and weaknesses, and you will be able to achieve better results.

Brief description of management styles

The style of management is a complex of relationsleadership and subordinates and methods of influence of these two groups on each other. On the quality of these relationships depends on the performance of subordinates, the atmosphere in the team and its ability to achieve the set goals and objectives. The managerial styles in team management can be of five types.

Famous American-German psychologist andwriter Kurt Levin in the 30 years of the last century published and singled out three styles of leadership, which later became classics. A little later, they added an inconsistent and situational one. Having studied the table with a brief description of the manager, you can find yourself and immediately go to the reading of the desired section. And it is better to read all the material - in life you will have to face different people, and it is better to be prepared. What are the management styles of the manager?

Brief characteristics of management styles
Type of leaderPositive traitsNegative qualities
AuthoritarianIt takes responsibility, quickly makes decisions, clearly sets tasksHe does not tolerate criticism, does not like resistance, does not take into account the opinion of others, puts the interests of the case above people
DemocraticWorks in a team, is open to new ideas, takes into account the opinion of the team, allows others to take responsibilityMuch advises, can delay with the decision, can give powers in the wrong hands
Liberal anarchistNo pressure on employees, good-natured atmosphere in the team, allows a creative approach to solving problemsAdmits laziness and moral corruption in the team, releases management reins, weak control (provocation of theft and failure to perform duties)
InconsistentNot foundThere is no clear goal, there are no clear tasks, there is no understanding, a corrupting atmosphere in the team, poor performance, no money
SituationalHigh-quality management of employees, enters the situation, always knows how and what to do, there are no pets and antiheroes, helps to develop, grows leaders, encourages creativityOver the years, it becomes liberal and loses its grip, unscrupulous workers sit on their necks, do not know how to rest, works "to wear out"

Authoritarian

management style

Authoritarian person (from the Latin. auctoritas - power, influence) - imperious, not loving to discuss, to be opposed, and even more so resisted. If the chief refers to this type of people, then the management style of the leader is authoritarian. This kind refers to one of the three classic.

Characteristics of the manager

This style of management of the head -authoritarian - is justified in stressful situations: wars, crises, epidemics and so on, because such a person acts quickly and takes responsibility. In conversations, tough and irreconcilable. Authoritarian leaders are taken to the highest levels of power and successfully retain their position. This style of leadership is more prevalent in Russia than the rest. This can be fully justified in large companies, factories, creative collectives and the army. Negotiations on purchases or reconciliation are conducted in a rigid mode, in an atmosphere heated to the limit.

 management styles

The authoritarian leader collects all the power in thetheir hands and does not allow anyone to even encroach on its part. The subordinates are under strict control and constantly undergo various checks. But the authoritarian style is divided into two more models: exploitative and benevolent.

"Operator" fully justifies itsname, this is directly "Pablo Escobar" in the company. Such a manager squeezes out all the juices from his subordinates, does not consider the interests of people, the opinion of someone does not interest him at all. May stimulate workers with threats, blackmail, fines and other persecution.

Never admits even the slightestindependence in making decisions or accomplishing tasks. Everything should be done exactly as the "exploiter" said. Any authoritarian leader constantly issues orders, decrees and other orders. Everything is certified with seals, paintings and dates. In the matter of performing tasks, it is extremely demanding and impatient, although it is capable of making concessions if it is not under emotions. If the leader is not in the spirit, he can say and do anything, and then you can not wait for an apology. In this case, you should not confuse this behavior with manipulative techniques, when all emotions are just a "theater" - authoritarian leaders like to use it. The subordinates are deprived of the opportunity to take the initiative.

"Benevolent" management style of the headcreates a more welcoming atmosphere, if it can be called so. Such a leader is already interested in the views of subordinates, but can act on their own, even if it was suggested the right. In general, this head of communicating with subordinates condescending "paternal", can sympathize, but dry and just for a second, and then immediately recall that the slave is now at work, and his experience do not matter. Do not think that the second model is very different from the first - with all his benevolence is still authoritarian leader: hard, imperious and demanding.

Any of these types of adore letters, signs,printing, painting, abbreviation and abbreviation. All this must be big, sweeping, imperial. Such leaders are people with a paranoid figure of personality - power-hungry, mistrustful and unprincipled. As a rule, workaholics who do not know how to rest, who love and are able to impose their opinions and will on others.

Relations with subordinates

If in relations with subordinates"Benevolent" leader builds a distance that can not be passed on to anyone, then from the "exploiter" this distance becomes intergalactic. The conversation is built in an orderly rough form. Employees are suppressed and deprived of motivation, while the risk of conflict development in the company is high. Criticism, even constructive, is absent as a concept.

Ask such a manager about personal not everyonegrabs the spirit and it is justified - "Pablo Escobar" does not want to know anything about the subordinates, and to think about the difficulties of their employees - even more so. The opportunity to get something even for the enterprise is almost zero, if the autocrat himself did not speak about it. And if he spoke earlier, he will decide when, to whom and what to receive. To argue with such a type is useless - he has excellent hardening in tough negotiations, and his subordinate does not have to talk. If the subordinate continues to insist, he will quickly get a fine or a reprimand, and still have to follow instructions. To show emotions before such a leader is useless - he will look at a person as if he were a carpet. Empathy is zero.

"Benevolent" type can listensubordinate, but he will have to immediately go to the heart of the matter and do not pull the rubber, otherwise everything - “your time is up,” and with your question you can get to him only in the next life. It happens that a manager can even give advice. A “benevolent” person can give leave, leave on urgent business, or receive extra money - but for this you need to “protect” your plan in front of him, how to sell him the idea of ​​why he should do this for you. But even if everything is done brilliantly, there is a big risk that the manager will do it his own way, and it’s impossible to know the reasons for the decision.

Problem Solving

The “exploiter” and the “benevolent” have everythingsimply - everyone should work without rest and interruption and lay down life for the benefit of the enterprise. Those who disagree with this are declared "enemies of the people" and must leave the company.

Subordinates are required to comply with the decreeswithout question. The faster and more efficiently the duties are fulfilled, the more success is achieved by the enterprise. And the more new tasks autocrat lay on the shoulders of subordinates. In solving problems, authoritarian leaders have no principles - the end justifies the means. This should be remembered, since the greater the level of influence of the autocrat, the harder it will act.

Way of communication

With such managers to play up and show duplicitynot worth it - see through in two accounts. Let not today, but tomorrow, and even then it will not be good. Weave intrigue autocracy can clean any cardinal Richelieu, so that in this direction should not compete. By the way, about competition - this is the hobby of an authoritarian (and paranoid, too) person, it’s better not to stand in his way. Why? Because there are no principles, and to achieve the goal, the autocrat justifies any means. Attempts at suggestion will fail — autocrats have zero suggestion. The best approach is cooperation. So working life will flow easier, and on the horizon there will be the possibility of career growth. Examples of leaders: Donald Trump, Joseph Stalin, Adolf Hitler.

Democratic

individual managerial management style

Work style and management of a Democrat leaderMirror different from the authoritarian. This style of work implies a uniform distribution of duties and responsibilities among the employees of the company. The Democrat leader gathers around him a team of subordinates that you can rely on. Such a team that solves problems and runs even complex projects, and for this you do not need to force or intimidate employees. At the same time, there will still be responsibility, because a democrat is not a liberal permissive person, but a leader aimed at a specific result.

Democratic managers also achieve great heights in business and politics, as well as authoritarian ones. Only they create a more benevolent atmosphere than autocrats.

Characteristics of the manager

executive style and management efficiency

To the democratic style of people withpronounced leadership qualities, but not putting their Ego in the first place. A democratic leader is a peaceful warrior: he does not start a war first, but if attacked, he will have to answer to the fullest extent of the law. This management style of the manager creates a friendly atmosphere in the team and helps to make the staff solve problems with a certain degree of creativity. Such a manager may, without any special claims, consider the issue of time off, assistance or the purchase of new equipment for the company. If your ideas or requests provide an evidence base, the manager can be inclined to take a positive decision on your issue.

Relations with subordinates

Develop friendly, business relationships,which can flow into friendly, although it is rare. Whatever the management styles of a manager, you should not forget that this is a leader, and you don’t need to cross the border. The Democrat leader uses a humane approach to subordinates, enters their position to a certain limit, easily arranges motivational contests or gifts for overfulfilment of plans.

Best people with this management stylethey feel at the middle level posts, for example, the head of the department or the head of the district of the city. Even in companies with an authoritarian management style, in departments with the leader of a democrat there is “its own atmosphere” - and the authority of the head of the department is higher than the head of the organization.

Of the minuses can be noted the following: A democrat can play around with a “friend,” and then more and more often disputes and conflicts will arise, instead of working. The shift in focus from achieving goals to increased attention to employees does not bring the team closer to achieving goals. The leader-democrat in this case loses the authority and level of influence on the team, but he still has a bonus in the form of a fine or an order, although such bosses rarely use it.

Problem Solving

Solving problems comes down to the fact thatCollectively, an action plan is developed. After that, performers are selected based on skills and abilities. Without any resistance, such a manager invites a third-party expert to the team and listens to his opinion. By the way, it is not forbidden to express one's opinion to any of the subordinates, because the leader is concerned about the achievement of the result, and realizes that he risks losing out on something important.

Planning deadlines for completing tasksthe Democrat leader lays a supply of time in the plan, because he takes into account the likelihood of errors among the staff, and more time is needed to correct them. If in the course of the work there are difficulties or the opportunity to do everything differently, the manager is quite easily restructured according to the situation, although he doesn’t welcome it very much.

Way of communication

Democrat Leader Chooses Common Stylecommunication To him you can go to the office and "steal" a little time. He listens to the opinion of the staff, especially if the words are supported by facts and figures - this is worth using. You shouldn’t put pressure on such a manager - although he is soft, he bends like bamboo, and if you press hard, he will seriously answer. Whatever the head, styles and methods of management he will be very different. The best way to communicate is cooperation. You need to act within the framework of the task, without disrupting the deadlines. If you can improve or redo the work - you need to immediately contact the boss, keep him informed. Examples of personalities: Vladimir Putin, Yevgeny Chichvarkin, Lavrenti Beria.

Liberal anarchist

This management style is similar to democraticbut there are differences. It is characteristic that the leader, having set the task clearly and clearly, setting the deadlines and speed of implementation, is relegated to the background. Thus, it allows subordinates to act independently, while almost without limiting the means and methods of performing tasks.

definition of management style manager

Liberal style is suitable for governancecreative teams. At the same time it is not necessary that this will be a collective of songs and dances, the editorial staff of the magazine, and the design bureau, and other similar groups will do.

Characteristics of the manager

Liberal style can be divided into twoDirections: anarchist and expert. In the first case, the leader is a weak man in nature, non-conflict, conformist. He postpones the resolution of important issues until the last moment, or tries to completely disclaim responsibility, shifting it onto the shoulders of deputies or subordinates. Such a manager can sit in the office for days and not go to the employees - let them work for themselves.

The second type is more suitable for the role of an expert orInvited manager for temporary tasks - he gives instructions on how and what to do, how and in what time frame. The rest of the work does not climb, subordinates do not pull, only if the situation got out of control. The authority rests on the level of its expertise, knowledge and skills in current work.

Relations with subordinates

manager's personality management styles

The liberal expert is formedfriendly, informal and strong relationship. In such groups, leaders grow up, who then either take power from a liberal or go into new groups — as practice shows, these are authoritarian leaders.

In the work of subordinate leader-liberal almostdoes not interfere, giving the greatest possible freedom of action. Subordinates provides information, tools, teaches and instructs, reserves the right of the final decision.

Problem Solving

Do not think that the liberal leaderwill sit in his "sink" and do not show the nose. This happens, but it does not characterize all liberal leaders. On the contrary, in the current situation, the popularity of this method of leading people is growing. This is especially noticeable in scientific, creative or other teams, where the level of knowledge, competence and experience is high - a high-class specialist does not tolerate a slave attitude, nor does excessive care.

In a “leader and organization” relationship, stylesThe controls of the “liberal” are well known. Soft management, trust, cooperation and cooperation are the foundations of the liberal style of company management. There is no bad way to manage people, there is only the wrong use of tools in their hands. Determining the manager's management style should begin as early as possible - it will be easier to adjust to the situation or quickly find a new job.

Way of communication

Liberal leader does not attach much importancechosen way of communication, because the impact of this on the result of the work is minimal. It is worth communicating with the manager himself, based on the goals of communication and what type of personality the manager has. The management styles may be different - either an anarchist or an expert. You should not worry much if you suddenly called the boss to “you” - he will correct you, but he will not punish you with a fine, like an authoritarian one. Examples: Steve Jobs, Roman Abramovich, Robert Kiyosaki.

Inconsistent

The name speaks for itself -there is no sequence and logic in actions. Such a boss moves from one management style to another, but does so through inexperience, and this is the difference from the situational style.

Characteristics of the manager

Today, such a manager is an authoritarian leader,and tomorrow, an anarchist with a developed permissive nature of the work. The results of the work of such a team are extremely low, and there is every chance of spoiling the work of the enterprise or even ruining it. If the manager has experience in such a position, but he adheres to an inconsistent work style, then he can be called an inspired, weak-willed manager who cannot achieve his goals.

Relations with subordinates

Team of non-consecutive leaderDissatisfied with his manager, does not know what can be expected from the boss, moreover, everyone is poorly aware of the ultimate goal and their growth opportunities. Relationships are very tense, all this causes the growth of a negative atmosphere in the team. There is a high probability of omissions, intrigues and scandals.

Problem Solving

To achieve goals with such a leader is impossible,as he vaguely imagines how the team should work. The solution of tasks is shifted to the deputies and subordinates, and then is taken over. Then some tasks are canceled, replaced with new ones, and so on. Such a management style of a leader generates confusion and anarchy.

Way of communication

The same ambiguous and depends on the state of affairsin the company and the mood of the boss himself. Today he can tell stories about how he spent the weekend, and tomorrow he will play the role of the authoritarian “Pablo Escobar”. A subordinate with developed leadership and manipulative skills is able to permanently knock such a leader. And then from your own chair. Examples: such people rarely achieve serious heights, but a vivid example is still there - Mikhail Gorbachev.

Situational

Management style in which the relationship policyadjusts to the current state, called situational. This is the best way to manage people and businesses - in times of crisis, it helps to gather, and during a market boom, strengthen competitive advantages.

head styles and management techniques

Do not confuse situational approach and duplicityhead. In the first case, the head chooses a communication style based on the behavior of a particular person or group of people, in order to launch the work as efficiently as possible. In the second case, the chief takes different positions on the basis of their own benefits.

Characteristics of the manager

These are experienced managers with years of experience,worked at different levels of government in several areas. In some people, management skills are inherent in nature - these are the so-called managers from God. But talent is replaced by diligence and constant learning. The knowledge of how to influence a person now comes with experience. This is one of the most acceptable ways to lead a team. In case of inept attempts to copy the style, there is a danger that the manager will turn into a conjunct who says what is profitable at the moment.

Relations with subordinates

Confidently, openly and easily -The team is constantly feeling that their work literally burns in their hands, and the manager always knows what to do, how to punish and cheer the team. In view of the great practical experience, such leaders really see through subordinates and have the gift of foresight. Such bosses are respected in the team.

The case manager knows howit is better to communicate with this group of subordinates or the only employee. In which case, you can remain silent or even condone something, but it only seems to the inexperienced eye that the manager has given up the slack.

Problem Solving

Resolution of disputes, problems and tasks passesquickly and professionally. An experienced manager is able to quickly debug most of the work processes, and if force majeure happens, then people are assigned to remedy the situation, based on the abilities and experience of the workers, rather than personal preferences.

In general, the manager himself is more like a shadow -his personal he hides and is engaged only in work. He has no lovers, and if he does, he can be wondering for a long time who has been rewarded with such a role. It does not show an obvious negative, on the contrary, such a manager tries to find a common language with every problem worker. Thanks to experience, this is often possible. It seems that such a person doesn’t think about himself at all: where are all the Wishlist and other complexes? To this question, the situational manager will only smile and shrug.

It is rare that such a manager is not a workaholic.

Way of communication

Like a liberal expert, situational managerChooses a simple style of communication. Despite the high rank, such people are simple and open, and often optimistic and endowed with a sense of humor. Often they enter the position of an employee and can help, going beyond the working relationship. With age, managers become too kind and easy-going, sometimes they lose their grip, as unprincipled workers use. But the team usually stands behind the leader, and if they see meanness towards their patron, they will immediately take action.

Examples: most of the military, directors and managers of plants and factories of the military and postwar period, such as Konstantin Rokossovsky, Ivan Romazan, Avraamy Zavenyagin and others.

Which style leader is you?

No matter how a manager behaves, it is worth remembering that the individual management style of a manager consists of the peculiarities of upbringing and the character of a person, so you shouldn’t label yourself.

Management as an implementation of individual stylea manager is a complex and multifaceted process, accompanied by high levels of stress, psychological and physical stress. Becoming a leader takes a lot of time, takes a lot of time and effort, and is associated with high risk. Therefore, support from higher level managers and continuous training are needed.

What if you find yourself on this list? Take your strengths and concentrate on strengthening and developing them. Weaknesses should be given considerable attention - problems are points of growth. The faster you reconsider your attitude towards your negative traits, the faster and more qualitatively you will become a leader.

What if you find your supervisor on the list? Now you know how best to build relationships with him, and what moments should be avoided.

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