Medicinal preparation "Hydrochlorothiazide". Instructions for use
The drug "Hydrochlorothiazide", analogues means(for example, "Kapozid", "Iruzid", "Hypothiazid" and others) belong to the category of derivatives of benzothiadizine. In diabetes insipidus there is a "paradoxical" effect, which causes a decrease in polyuria (increased volume of urine).
Characterizing the agent "Hydrochlorothiazide",The instructions for use indicate the antihypertensive properties of the drug, which are manifested, as a rule, with elevated blood pressure. In clinical practice, there is a high activity of diuretic properties of the drug (the diuretic effect begins to develop during the first two hours and lasts up to ten to twelve (or more) hours with a single dose). There is a rapid absorption of the drug "hydrochlorothiazide".
Medicinal preparation "Hydrochlorothiazide"the instruction for use recommends for stagnant phenomena of the large and small circle of blood circulation, caused by cardiovascular insufficiency. The medication is indicated in nephritis and nephroses (except for severe forms of progressive nature with a decrease in glomerular filtration rate), cirrhosis in the liver, accompanied by portal hypertension. The drug "Hydrochlorothiazide" is prescribed for toxicosis of pregnant women (edema, nephropathy), premenstrual conditions with stagnant conditions.
The drug helps to remove water from the bodyand sodium ions, against the background of mineralocorticoids, in connection with which it is recommended for the removal of edema, provoked by adrenocorticotropic hormone in the pituitary gland and hormones in the adrenal cortex. In addition, the drug reduces or prevents the increase in blood pressure caused by these medications.
Given the ability of the means to enhance the effecthypotensive drugs, "Hydrochlorothiazide" is often prescribed in combination with them, especially patients with high blood pressure. Joint use of drugs can have a therapeutic effect in hypertensive malignant disease. Dosages of antihypertensive drugs against the background of the drug "hydrochlorothiazide" can be reduced.
Take medication should be taken orally, notchewing. They take the tablets with water in small amounts. Dosage of the drug "Hydrochlorothiazide" instructions for use recommends setting individually taking into account the severity of the disease and the effect.
One-time intake of the drug,administered as a diuretic, can range from 25 to 200 mg. In cases of lungs recommend from 25 to 50 mg per day, in more severe - in the knock on 100 mg. Take it one time (in the morning) or two meals before lunch. In some cases, appoint 200 mg. Subsequent increase in dosage (more than 200 mg) of the drug "Hydrochlorothiazide" instructions for use is considered impractical, due to the fact that the increase in diuresis in the future, as a rule, does not occur.
For patients in old age are recommendedsmaller doses (12.5 mg, per day once or twice). Continuous administration of the drug "Hydrochlorothiazide" instruction allows for three to seven days. After that, you should take a break for three or four days. Then the reception can be continued. In mild conditions it is recommended to take the drug every other day (two).
Total duration of therapy and durationcourse is established in accordance with the severity, nature of the disease, tolerance, efficiency. Therapy (especially in the first day) should be carried out under the supervision of a doctor.
As clinical practice shows,The drug "hydrochlorothiazide" is tolerated by patients quite well. However, before using it, it is necessary to consult the doctor for side effects, and also to identify the presence (or absence) of contraindications to the use of the medication.