Where does the expression "manuscripts do not burn" come from? Who said: "Manuscripts do not burn"?
"Manuscripts do not burn ..." Who said this famousphrase that has become winged? Everyone familiar with the cult novel by Mikhail Bulgakov knows that this is none other than a replica of one of the characters. But the book "The Master and Margarita" is not accidentally more than half a century of studying critics and literary critics. There are hints of the past, symbols of the present and predictions of the future.
Manuscripts do not burn?
Who said that the paper is not capable of destroyingFire? The truthfulness of this phrase could be confirmed, perhaps, only by a literary character, representative of the other world. There are a lot of cases in history when writers and poets burned their creations. Some of them remained a mystery for descendants. The second volume of Nikolai Gogol's poem, the full version of Anna Trifon's Anna Akhmatova, Pasternak's novel The Three Names - all these are works that did not reach the modern reader.
Symbolism of the phrase
And yet the manuscripts do not burn. Who said that the flame does not destroy the work of the true artist, he hinted at the intrigues of envious persons, mediocre criticism and authoritarian power. Because they become the enemies of a truthful author.
It was like that at all times. Books that do not meet the imposed ideology were forbidden, seized, burned. In a word, they did everything to ensure that they did not fall into the hands of the reader. But there were works that could not be destroyed by any forces. These include those who keep in themselves the wisdom and truth that is relevant at all times. That is, books that are interesting to descendants. Immortal books.
A novel about the devil
Bulgakov's book has millions of fans. But even today, it is severely criticized. A too charming and just hero depicts Satan in the novel "Master and Margarita". There is an opinion that it is not worthwhile to read the creation of Bulgakov to a truly believing Christian. The unconventional image of Satan can have a negative impact on the minds of immature minds. Perhaps the whole point is that there is always something supernatural in talent. And that's why he frightens ordinary inhabitants.
Enemies of the Master
"Manuscripts do not burn ..." Who said this phrase and whatrole she plays in the plot of the novel? As you know, Bulgakov's work is autobiographical. He, as well as his hero, was the victim of attacks by members of the Union of Writers. The aggressive criticism of Latunsky and Lavrovich was for the Master fatal. The impossibility to publish a novel about the devil became apparent to Bulgakov after his wife took several chapters to the editor. The manuscripts were brutally rejected. The author, like his hero, was experiencing nervous exhaustion, which comes after a long journey that leads to nowhere.
Strict criticism and reluctance to publish a novel,whose artistic value can not go unnoticed by a professional editor, were based on envy, a fear of losing their place in the sun. And on a lot of human vices, stronger than only the otherworldly forces.
Being on the verge of despair, the author of the novel about PilateHe did not conclude an agreement with Satan, like Goethe's hero. For him it made a beloved woman. And after Voland he said: "Manuscripts do not burn." Bulgakov did not have such a powerful defender. And like his hero, he burned an unfinished novel. But the book is preserved. After many years of work on restoring the text, improvements and with the deep conviction that the novel will be read only many years after his death, Bulgakov completed his work. And so, there is truth in the words "manuscripts do not burn."
Who said: "The meaning of life - in life itself"? This phrase belongs to an ancient sage. But it is applicable only to ordinary people. Those who are obsessed with telling the truth, and moreover have the ability to clothe it in artistic form, do not know how to enjoy the simple joys of being. This was Bulgakov and many other authors before him. However, the strength of the novel "The Master and Margarita" is not only the abundance of symbols pointing to the past. In this book, a surprising number of prophecies.
In Russian and foreign literature and afterBulgakov born authors who were unfamiliar with the phrase "manuscripts do not burn." Who said who said this, they did not even know. But the truth of wisdom, which the Bulgakov character set out, they would surely appreciate.
The book about life and destiny
The novel, which was declared anti-Soviet,writer Vasily Grossman wrote almost ten years. He was published thirty years later. The work "Life and Fate" is worth recalling, answering questions related to the decoding of the phrase Bulgakov's character "manuscripts do not burn." Who said? Whose words are these? And can they be taken literally?
These words belong to the hero of the novel "Master andMargarita. " Woland's phrase should not be taken literally. The author put into it all the hopes and hopes that his child will ever reach posterity. Such feelings, perhaps, experienced and Grossman. The Soviet writer dedicated the book "Life and destiny" to his mother, relatives, relatives and, most importantly, to millions of victims of Hitlerite and Stalinist aggression.
About that is more terrible than fire
Grossman never burned the manuscript. It was seized by KGB officers. He did not dream of publishing it. One of the prominent figures, a contemporary writer, argued that this can happen no earlier than two hundred years. This man did not read Bulgakov's novel, but he seemed to know Woland's prophetic phrase "manuscripts do not burn."
Who said, "Master and Margarita" - a novel aboutSoviet society of the thirties? Bulgakov's work is a book about human vices that were, are and will be at all times. They do not have national or national affiliation. And they are capable of destroying the fate of man. But they can not destroy the true work of art.
Burning manuscripts is not uncommon for a writer. Solzhenitsyn used to burn every chapter of his novel "In the First Circle". But first he memorized it. Akhmatova, fearing a search or arrest, regularly destroyed her unfinished works. Pasternak sent a whole novel to the furnace, which later was never restored.
All these authors burned their creations first of allthen, to save a life. Woland's famous phrase from the novel "The Master and Margarita" could serve as a slogan for masters of the artistic word. She would give strength to a writer who, even being in exile and risking his life, is not able to give up literary creativity.