Medical groups for physical training: definition
The compulsory school curriculum includesphysical education. Such lessons are conducted in order to fully develop the kids both mentally and physically. Among other things, physical education lessons provide the opportunity to keep the body in good shape and maintain health, due to the need to spend most of the time in a sluggish position behind the desk.
For the bulk of children physical educationare safe. However, there is always a whole list of schoolchildren, who are forbidden to undergo certain loads on the body. They are included in the medical groups for physical training. Let's find out who belongs to this category of students, how the health groups are formed in educational institutions.
What factors can affect the deterioration of children's health?
- the presence of poor heredity;
- negative microclimate in the family;
- poor living conditions;
- insufficient rest;
- negative sanitary and hygienic conditions in an educational institution or at home.
Criteria for division into health groups
The main indicator, which is adopted inattention when deciding whether to enroll a student in a special group for physical education, is the presence of deviations in the functioning of the determining systems of the body. Physical education in a special medical group can also be prescribed to children who suffer from chronic ailments.
A special category also includes children, the bodywho are unable to fully resist certain factors of the environment. In the medical groups for physical training can reach children who have insufficient level of physical development for their age.
Assessing the health of babies
- Unhindered to carry out the program in physical education classes should be students who do not suffer from chronic ailments, and the level of their physical development corresponds to the age norms.
- As potential candidates for admission to special groups, children with delayed physical development or the most minor deviations in health status are considered.
- In medical groups for physicalthe students are students with delays in physical development that are well-being. Children can also be enrolled here, who have a temporary loss of working capacity and need to limit the loads for a certain period.
- Patients with chronic ailments, which are observed in hospitals, are enrolled in special groups for classes according to the individual program.
In these medical groups, children are offered various amounts of work. There are differences in the intensity of physical activity.
To a special category of students are children who are enrolled in a special group. Based on an assessment of the state of health, they can be identified in a physical or therapeutic subgroup.
Next, consider in more detail the features of physical education in each medical group.
In the classroom, children are required to perform a whole range of exercises:
- general labor;
Basic medical groups for classesphysical culture in the school include students with a high and average level of physical fitness, as well as children with temporary or insignificant deviations in health status. Excluded from this category are children, who during their studies note the inability of the cardiovascular system to cope with the loads that meet the standard requirements of a generally accepted program.
Preparatory medical groups for classesphysical culture in the DOW and secondary school are formed from students who have a level of physical training below the average and do not have serious illnesses. Also, children with an average and high level of physical development who for this period of time suffer from deviations in health status can be enrolled.
As already noted above, in the special groupchildren are often divided into physical or therapeutic subgroups. In the first case, students can be engaged in the same conditions together with their classmates, but fulfill the requirements of the individual program.
As for the therapeutic subgroups,they are from schoolchildren, who suffer from quite serious ailments, have significant deviations in their physical development. Such children are prescribed extremely limited performance of intensive, complex exercises. In some cases, physical education lessons for them are conducted under the strict supervision of the teacher or a qualified medical specialist. As an alternative to physical training in the conditions of an educational institution, children are sometimes assigned visits to special dispensaries, where they are working with a special rehabilitation program.
Separation of children into separate categories atOccupation of physical culture in the conditions of an educational institution is a common practice. With noticeable progress in improving health, babies can be transferred to general groups. However, only by the results of special surveys or by the recommendations of doctors. According to generally accepted requirements, the transfer of students from one medical group to another is possible only after a comprehensive assessment of their state of health at the end of the training quarter.