Ultrasound of the prostate. Transrectal examination
The prostate gland is an organ,surrounding the initial portion of the urethra. The shape of the prostate resembles a chestnut. The body produces the juice, which is a component of the seminal fluid, which is released during the process of rash.
Ultrasound of the prostate gland is intended fordiagnosis and detection of diseases of the scrotum, testicles, the prostate itself (including cancer). In addition, this study allows you to establish the degree of circulatory disorders.
Using the ultrasound of the prostate gland, you can see the contour of the organs, the structure, and also the foreign formations (if any).
This method is considered one of the most accessible and is used in cases of suspicion of such diseases as:
acute prostatitis and its complications;
- epididymitis (an inflammatory process that affects the epididymis and seminal vesicles) and vesiculitis in acute and chronic course, accompanying prostatitis in some cases;
- malignant nodes;
- chronic prostatitis;
- prostate cancer;
- adenomatous nodes in the prostate, often associated with BPH;
- benign hyperplasia in the prostate gland (BPH).
The examination should be performed with a filled bladder. In this case, its walls are straightened out and become available for investigation.
Ultrasound of the prostate. Preparation
Examination is recommended in the morning, on an empty stomach. In the evening before the study, let's have a light dinner. In the morning immediately before the examination, a cleansing enema is placed.
Ultrasound of the prostate can be performedtransdermal (through the wall of the peritoneum) or transexually (through the rectum). The last method of scanning allows you to correctly assess and identify the condition of the prostate. In addition, when used, it is possible to clarify the nature of foreign formations in the rectum. In accordance with all these factors, optimal surgical treatment is prescribed and therapeutic tactics in general are determined.
Ultrasound of the prostate. How is the research done?
From the patient it is required to expose the lower abdomen and perineum, to lie on his back. Further on ultrasonic gauges the doctor puts a special gel and conducts inspection.
Ultrasound of the prostate of expert levelinvolves the use of an ultramodern scanner, which is equipped with a two- or three-dimensional sensor for transrectal administration. It provides the best detailed structure of the prostate, a reliable assessment of blood flow, as well as the possibility of carrying out functional tests. Moreover, in the process of transrectal expert ultrasound, the condition of not only the bladder but also the vas deferens, pelvic floor muscles, veins in the paraprostatic plexus, seminal vesicles and rectum is determined.
The use of a three-dimensional transrectal sensor in combination with modern software makes it possible to approximate the informative nature of the study to the informativeness of MRI.
When using this method, specialthere is no need for training activities. The use of a small-sized sensor has practically no contraindications (this question is discussed individually with the doctor).
Transrectal examination is more expedientto carry out to patients in the age of more than fifty years, and also at following displays: the delayed emission of urine, an incontience of urine, easing of a pressure at emptying, the increased urination and other pathologies.
In addition, this method of examination is used to control the effectiveness of medication and the condition after surgery.