Adenoma of the prostate in men: etiology, clinic and diagnostic methods
Adenoma is a tumor of benigncharacter. This formation can be located in any organ where there is glandular epithelium. So, there can be an adenoma of the parathyroid gland, adrenal and pituitary gland, salivary and sebaceous glands, prostate, thyroid gland.
• age-related changes in the body. So, the symptoms of this disease are rarely registered among the stronger sex who have not yet reached the age of forty, but after 60 years almost half of them have certain signs of prostate adenoma;
• hereditary predisposition. Adenoma of the prostate in men, in whose family such lesions are traced, occurs more often;
• nationality is considered a risk factor. Asians suffer less often than white and black men.
Adenoma of the prostate in men is characterized by the following clinical manifestations:
• weak flow of urine;
• urination difficult, frequent;
• breaks during urination;
• incomplete emptying of the bladder;
• hematuria is also present;
• development of infectious processes in the genitourinary tract, especially for pyelonephritis and prostatitis;
• the appearance of concrements in the bladder (this is due to a violation of the outflow of urine);
• diverticula or rupture of the bladder resulting from chronic stretching of the walls of the body;
• kidney failure;
• Ishuria and chronic urinary retention,accompanied by intense pain and raspiranie in the lower abdomen. I must say that the pathological symptoms increase after taking acute meals or alcohol, diuretics, as well as allergies.
Adenoma of the prostate in men does not always flow with severe clinical symptoms. Complaints that force you to seek medical help, increase with the increase in the prostate gland.
If you experience any micturition, you should consult your doctor to diagnose and exclude more complex prostate pathologies, such as cancer.
Prostate adenoma: diagnosis
To identify this pathology, the following methods of examination are used:
• careful collection of anamnesis;
• digital rectal examination;
• transrectal ultrasound;
• urodynamic examination and urinalysis;
• CT scan.
• a blood test in which a specific antigen is detected;
• determination of the amount of residual urine;
• biopsy - performed under local anesthesia withusing a special needle. With this examination, prostate tissue is taken, which is then sent for histological examination, which helps to exclude the cancer process in the prostate gland and determine the tactics of further treatment.