Basaloma - treatment, causes, symptoms
Basaloma is a malignant tumor of the skin,which develops from epidermal cells. This tumor, also called basal cell carcinoma, deserved its name by a great similarity to the basal cells of the skin. This tumor has one feature that distinguishes it from other malignant neoplasms - although it can sprout into other tissues and organs, but can not metastasize, spreading its cells throughout the body.
Causes of appearance
This tumor appears mainly in humans,whose age is more than 40 years. One of the factors contributing to its appearance, is the long stay under the ultraviolet rays of the sun, which means that the inhabitants of the countries of the south and people whose work is associated with prolonged exposure to the sun, are more likely to cause this disease than anyone else. In addition, people with light skin color are more vulnerable to the cancer-forming ultraviolet rays of the sun.
Another factor contributing to the development ofdiseases, are carcinogens and toxic substances, for example, arsenic or oil products. In addition, permanent injury to any part of the body, as well as suppression of immunity by immunosuppressants, can also cause a disease such as basal cell disease, the treatment of which will take a lot of time and effort.
The onset of this disease in a childunlikely, but there is a congenital form of this disease, which is called Gorlitsa-Golts syndrome or neobazocellular syndrome. This syndrome combines skin lesions, similar to basalomic, malformations of the ribs and cysts of the lower jaw.
Classification of a tumor
This tumor has a large number of clinical forms:
- The perforating
- Nodular (or large-scaled)
- Warty (exophytic)
- Scar atrophic
- Cylinder (Spiegler tumor)
- Pagetoid epithelioma
Symptoms of the disease
Most often this tumor appears on the face or neck. At the very beginning, a small nodule of pale pink appears on the skin, which resembles a regular pimple in its size. This "pimple" grows slowly and stubbornly, and few people can suspect that this nodule is a future malignant tumor. After a while in the center of this nodule appears a small grayish crust that quickly overgrows again if it is hampered. When the tumor grows, around it will appear a small but dense cushion, consisting of granular formations.
Further growth can lead to blockingseveral nodules with each other and the appearance of "vascular asterisks", with the inevitable ulceration of the skin and pain syndrome. Different forms of the tumor can manifest themselves in different ways.
Basal correction treatment
Basaloma, whose treatment it is better to start onthe early stages of the disease, of course, can not pass by itself, and with time will only develop more and more. Treatment of a tumor can occur in a variety of ways, the choice of which depends on its size, shape and morphological appearance.
Surgical removal is considered to be the most effective method of combating such a disease as skin basiloma. Treatment in this case is carried out by excision of the tumor and nearby tissue.
An alternative to the surgical method is laser removal. This method is especially suitable for elderly people, whose usual surgical intervention can cause a lot of complications.
Cryodestruction is the destruction of the tumor by liquid nitrogen, a fairly quick and painless method of treatment. The downside is that with this method of treatment, the risk of relapse is great.
In addition, there is another method to combatsuch a disease as basaloma - treatment with folk remedies. Given that the tumor is malignant and can give serious complications for life, we recommend completely abandoning all folk methods of treating this disease.