The main signs of pneumonia in children
Pneumonia is quite common and dangerousdisease. It affects both adults and patients of childhood. And it's no secret to anyone that for a child such a disease is more dangerous. That's why many parents are interested in questions about what are the main signs of pneumonia in children. After all, the earlier the disease is diagnosed and the treatment is started, the more chances for a quick recovery without complications.
What are the signs of pneumonia in newborns?
In fact, to detect pneumonia in infantsmuch more difficult. And in fact at this age the inflammation is most dangerous. Nevertheless, there are some symptoms that can not be ignored in any way.
A few days before the start of a stronginflammatory process sharply worsens the child's well-being. You can notice some catarrhal phenomena, in particular, the baby's nasal breathing is difficult, and with each inhalation the wings of the nose swell too much. Along with this, the appetite worsens, and the baby becomes irritable, constantly crying and sleeping badly - these are the first signs of pneumonia.
Only after this the temperature rises sharplybody. The child's breathing and heartbeat increase. When you exhale, you can hear characteristic grunting sounds. Approximately on 5 or 6 day there is a cough.
Signs of pneumonia in children and teenagers
Certainly, the manifestation of the symptoms of pneumonia depends on the age of the child. In older children, inflammation proceeds approximately according to the same pattern as in adults.
First, there are problems with breathing, afterthat body temperature rises to 38-39 degrees. Along with this, the state of health worsens - the child becomes irritable, complains of weakness, fatigue and drowsiness, refuses to eat, loses interest in games. This is how the first signs of pneumonia in children look.
Unfortunately, most parents confuse thesesymptoms with a common cold and try to treat the children themselves, which is undoubtedly a mistake. It is worth noting that, unlike the flu, fever in pneumonia lasts much longer.
A few days later, a heavy drycough. Attacks in most cases are extremely unpleasant - the child complains of pain in the chest and back, which occurs during coughing. Often the headaches periodically appear.
As the disease develops, the nature of the coughchanges - it becomes wet and is accompanied by the release of purulent sputum. In some cases, the mucus to be separated has a brownish, sometimes even rusty, hue. It is impossible to hesitate with therapy in any case, since these are the most dangerous signs of pneumonia in children.
Pneumonia in a child: what to do?
In no case should one engage in self-medication or ignore the problem - a sick child should be urgently shown to a specialist. Only after the examination the doctor can accurately diagnose the disease.
Light forms of the disease do not requirehospitalization. Treatment is carried out at home and provides antibacterial therapy with antibiotics, as well as the use of expectorants or mucolytic drugs. The child needs peace, warmth, bed rest, copious drinking and a full-fledged diet. In the most severe cases, therapy is performed in a hospital setting.