Causes of pneumonia in children, signs of its appearance
Pneumonia prevalence is one of thefirst places in the world. According to WHO statistics, 150 million children under the age of 5 years with pneumonia are registered worldwide. So what is it and what does pneumonia look like in children? The symptoms of this disease we will consider in this article.
Is pneumonia and how does it occur?
Inflammation of the lungs has a viral, bacterial andfungal form. But there are rare cases when this disease can be contagious. As a rule, these are those species that were caused by pneumococci. When pneumonia in children, the signs are very similar to the symptoms of a viral infection, and in the overwhelming majority of cases it is just a complication of acute respiratory disease. With this disease, the virus can cause inflammation in the bronchi, and the resulting mucus over time, accumulating in the lungs, violates the ventilation of a site in them. There bacteria settle down and there is an inflammatory process. Thus, the inflammation of the lungs in a child appears mainly under the condition of accumulation and thickening of mucus at the time of acute respiratory infections.
How to detect the presence of pneumonia in children: the signs by which it can be determined
There are symptoms that will help parents to suspect that the child has pneumonia:
- The patient has an obsessive moist cough, and breathing becomes rapid and superficial.
- The baby's state of health is unstable: after improvement with a cold, a sudden deterioration suddenly occurs.
- The so-called "cold" lasts more than a week.
- Trying to take a deep breath causes a child to have a coughing fit. This can be a serious reason to think about the presence of pneumonia.
- Appearance of shortness of breath at a low body temperature.
- Absence of the effect of taking antipyretics.
All these signs of pneumonia in children (or at least some of them) require immediate treatment to a pulmonologist for diagnosis and treatment of the child.
What should I do to detect pneumonia?
If there is no way to contact a pediatrician,If you suspect a pneumonia, you need to call an ambulance. The doctor will by all means listen to the patient and in the presence of wet wheezing, characteristic for pneumonia, will diagnose. But to confirm it you need to take an X-ray. It allows you to determine the diagnosis as precisely as possible. After all, sometimes it happens that it is quite difficult to determine the presence of pneumonia in children externally. The signs of it on the X-ray image are seen better, which means that these indicators will be given priority. To determine the causative agent of this disease, sputum and blood tests are done. Only after this treatment will be prescribed.
How do "extraneous" diseases cause pneumonia?
Why sometimes with the diagnosis of "acute intestinalinfection "in a child in a few days can develop pneumonia? In addition to all known organs dealing with the purification of blood (liver and kidneys), the lungs also have to do with the filtration process. With any illness, the pulmonary filter can be damaged, and, accordingly, a foci of inflammation, infection with bacteria will appear.
High temperature, causing thickening andstagnation of blood, also causes a complication in the form of inflammation. So the emergence of pneumonia in children, the signs of which we disassembled, may be secondary, that is, one that comes as a result of other diseases that weaken the body and open the "gate" of infection.