Ankle: Pain is painful.
Unfortunately, the person does not pay due attentionsuch a part of the body as the ankle, although it is on it that the main load is. It consists of three bones joined together by tendons:
The main function of the talus is toensuring stability and stability of bone tissue. This is achieved due to its special shape: the rear part is slightly narrower than the front, which contributes to a reliable connection. Lateral displacement is not allowed due to peroneal ligaments securing the ankle joint from the outside. The intercostal ligaments envelop the joint in front and behind, preventing dislocation. And for the strength of the connection of bones, the interosseous ligament is responsible.
The ankle joint contains muscles thatprovides fingers with the performance of their functions, that is, helps to bend and unbend them. Thanks to all the muscles of the joint, the foot is bent and twisted. Most of the damage to this part of the body is due to the displacement of the talus bone or the stretching of the ligaments that hold it.
If the ankle hurts, it cantestify to arthritis or a dislocation. And in the presence of the first zone of the lesion is extensive and includes more than one joint. The patient usually suffers from aching pain, especially at night or during intense and prolonged movement. The ankle joint becomes swollen.
Causes of painful sensationsare covered, first of all, in the choice of shoes. Most people do not attach much importance to the selection of quality items, although this depends on the well-being for a long time. Shoes for every day should be as convenient as possible, in the right shape, matched to the size and made of natural material. It is worth remembering that these recommendations should be taken into consideration with particular care to athletes. After a long training in low-quality shoes lead to excessive sweating and scraping feet.
Ankle joint can disturb a person whenits damage. One of the most common types of injuries is sprain. It can be recognized by the strong puffiness of the limb and acute pain when moving it. The patient experiences increasing pain in the area at the base of the ankle. A similar symptom is the fracture of the ankle, only the feature is that the pain extends to the entire lower limb when the ankle swells.
Less common is a fracture of the ankle with subluxationFeet. In this case, the ankle joint swells considerably, and each movement leads to severe pain. And the foot of the foot takes an unnatural location: it is tilted in any direction, depending on the nature of the dislocation. When examining the limb, the patient himself can feel bone fragments. Fracture of the calcaneus is considered to be one of the most severe traumatic injuries of the foot, since recovery takes a long time. As a rule, the patient is limited in movement and can not even stand up, because with the support of the heel there is a sharp pain. For this type of damage, puffiness is also characteristic. No less serious is a fracture of the metatarsal bone. In this case, there is a hematoma in the area of trauma, the foot is completely swollen and becomes like a pillow. Characteristic painful sensations in any movement of the ankle joint.
Dislocations or subluxations, as a rule, are associated withthe appearance of a fracture of the talus. This type of damage is marked by the presence of edema in the joint and heel areas, as well as hematomas. In the risk group are people with excessive body weight, with weak and atrophied muscles. As practice shows, the usual dislocation, which occurred for the first time, can pass after a couple of weeks, and the full restoration of the joint should be expected in two months. But patients with a weak muscle tissue should not be surprised at the repetition of the dislocation. Without proper treatment and the help of the body, frequent dislocations lead to disruption of the cartilaginous tissue and the occurrence of such a disease as arthrosis.