Ankle torso: readings, instructions
In the directory of a technical translator,that the tutor is an orthopedic product that ensures the immobility of joints or segments of extremities in pathologies of various kinds. Synonyms for this word can be considered the words "orthosis" and "fixator". Tutors are produced from articulated sleeves or in the form of a shoe.
Tent on the ankle appoint prettyoften. This part of the leg often suffers with sudden movements, stresses, falls and bumps. An adult and a baby can get injured. But the tutors are appointed not only in the named case. About the peculiarities of children's orthoses we will try to tell in more detail.
Types of tutors
The ankle joint can be fixed with a softfabric bandage, semi-rigid construction of belts, laces and rigid inserts, as well as a rigid tutor. The fixation in this case is achieved as follows:
- with the help of typical models of tutors;
- tutors, made by individual measures;
- modular tutorials assembled on the patient's leg.
For children it is especially important that the product behypoallergenic and light. The ankle stump can be made of dense natural leather or medical plastic. But the main difference is not in the material used, but in the way of application. Ankle braces are used in two ways:
- Tutor fixing. It is used mainly at night to protect the joint from unconscious movements in a dream.
- The tutor is dynamic. It is used in the daytime to eliminate pain while walking.
The reason for choosing an orthosis for a child, as we have already donethey said, maybe not only an ankle injury. To understand the materials, design features and rules for using the product, a specialist consultation is necessary.
To whom appoint tutors
For adult patients, doctors prescribe an ankle fixation with a rigid tutor in the following cases:
- If there is a fracture of the ankle, shin, foot bones, a rigid tutor can be used instead of a cast bandage.
- If the patient has a dislocation or subluxation of the foot, the tutor facilitates the rehabilitation period.
- If the patient is diagnosed with arthritis or arthrosis. In this case, the orthosis helps reduce the load and reduce pain.
- When stretching and tearing ligaments and tendons, the tread on the ankle joint immobilizes and accelerates healing.
- If, as a result of a stroke, the patient experiences a paralysis of the foot and lower leg.
- If the patient is overweight, which led to instability in the ankle joint.
- During the recovery period after surgery. In this case, the device not only immobilizes, but also removes puffiness and helps strengthen the ligament apparatus.
The child's tutor is prescribed for injuries and after operations. But, in addition, the list can be supplemented with the following problems:
- Platypodia and valgus deformation of the foot.
- Ankle dysplasia.
- Cerebral palsy.
- Shortening of one limb.
The use of children's tutors by appointment of a doctorfacilitates the child's condition, helps to stop and correct the pathological conditions of the foot and lower leg, enables special children with cerebral palsy and musculoskeletal problems to stand on their feet and learn to walk. It is very important for children diagnosed with cerebral palsy to use tutors at night to three years of age. During this period, the child is growing rapidly, and he may begin to deform the joints.
The children's tutor on the ankle may bedifferent heights and sizes. Depending on the complexity of the child's condition, models are made up to the knee and up to the groin. The stop in the device is fixed at a certain angle, so that the child holds it and does not wrap it in or out.
Parents need to monitor the position of the heel in the tutor. It should rest on the wall.
Many models of children's tutors are designed for day wearing with orthopedic shoes.
How to choose a standard tutor
If a child's tutor is made forindividual impression or from thermoplastic (turbo-ballast), then with the size of the difficulties does not happen. But if you need to buy a typical product, it is important not to make mistakes in measurements. It is very risky to engage in amateur activities when choosing orthosis. It is necessary to entrust the removal of the necessary measures to a specialist.
If the child has grown up, but the model of the tutor should not be changed, the new product is selected by specialists based on measurements, guided by the size tables.
Children's turot from turbo-ballast
Turbocast is called low-temperaturethermoplastic. The material possesses memory of the form and is the newest development in the field of manufacturing of fixators of any kind. The use of turbochast tutors helps to correct the position of the joints and develop the correct stereotypes of movement.
The manufacturing of such a tutor takes about 30 minutes. The doctor gives the leg the necessary position. Heats the material above 60 ° C, heals it to 40 ° C and puts it on the ankle, giving it the right shape. In the process of forming the tutor, the material is very plastic, but it cools down about 5-7 minutes.
Application of bandages
A slight ankle injury in children does not requiretoo rigid fixation. In this case, an elastic band can be assigned. Bandages for easy fixing are made of special knitwear and neoprene. Neoprene elements retain heat, accelerate blood flow, warm the damaged area. But to use such ankle bandage is possible only for those who do not have allergies to synthetics. Often children's sensitive skin does not like such materials.
Some types of bandages are made as elasticbandage with velcro fasteners, some have a more complex design. There are models with laces and silicone inserts, which are designed to strengthen the compression. Such ankle bandage is recommended for young and experienced athletes to minimize the load.
How to wear a bandage or tutor correctly
Before you put on a bandage or tutor, the leg should be washed with warm water and gently massaged. The product can be worn on a thin seamless cotton sock.
Products for easy fixation (bandages) are put on standing, tutors - in the sitting position. During the treatment, you can not use warming ointments, lotions for the body and cream.
If you need to choose a bandage or tutor, the pricewill depend on the complexity of the design, material used and the popularity of the brand, so its range can range from 1,000 to 9,700 rubles. But do not forget that serious brands earn their popularity from buyers for decades, and it is based on successful treatment and positive feedback from patients and doctors.