Shoulder Girdle: Joint Treatment
The shoulder belt includes five joints thatunite in two groups. The first includes a scapula-humeral joint with two articulating surfaces, which are lined with hyaline cartilage. This joint is the most important. The second in this group is the counterfeit joint (physiological), which consists of sliding surfaces each other. It is mechanically connected to the shoulder joint, receiving motions from the latter.
The second group includes three joints: lobular-chest or scapular-thoracic, which is not anatomical, but physiological. It is also important in the group, although without other mechanically related joints it can not function. The next is the acromial clavicle joint located at the acromial end of the clavicle. The true also is the sternoclavicular joint, located at the sternal end of the clavicle.
In general, the joints that enter the humeral girdle, you cangroup by several features. The first group will include the main anatomical shoulder joint, as well as the associated associated counterfeit joint, mechanically related to it. The second group includes the basic physiological scapular thoracic joint, which mechanically binds two anatomical associated joints - the sternoclavicular and acromial clavicle.
The most important organ in the humeralbelt, is the shoulder joint. It has a spherical shape and is formed by the head of the humerus and the articular surface of the scapula. The joint has a high mobility, providing flexion, retraction, reduction, extension, circular movements and rotation of the arm.
The shoulder joint is surrounded by a bag that comes from theneck of the humerus to the very edges of the scapula cavity. The joint capsule is strengthened by the surrounding muscles and ligament, which keep the head of the humerus completely in the joint cavity. There are no muscles on the front surface of the joint. It is in this place that the dislocation of the head of the bone (humerus) occurs most often and the capsule bursts.
The most common pathology,affecting the shoulder girdle. This syndrome of narrowing of the shoulder joint, instability of the head of the bone (shoulder), shoulder stiffness, calcareous deposits, damage responsible for the rotation of the shoulder of the muscular cuff, arthrosis.
Shoulder joint: treatment
Recently, therapy for ailments of the shoulderThe joint has great effectiveness. New technologies of endoscopy operations are used, which do not require opening of joints. In the technique of operations also made significant changes in the development of high-tech instruments.
Actively used arthroscopic method, withwhich help to treat the shoulder joint. Thanks to a thin illuminating arthroscope, the inner regions of the joint are fully examined and pains in the shoulders, shoulder instability, limited movement, eliminate deposits of calcareous conglomerates, ruptures in the cuff (rotational muscle) of various mechanisms.
After the intervention (arthroscopic) painbecome insignificant. You can start moving and load the joint much earlier. In addition, seams are almost invisible. The advantage of the method is also the outpatient administration of most operations or the short-term presence of the patient in the hospital. Arthroscopic method of treatment of shoulder joints requires the doctor to have high qualifications and extensive experience, as well as the use of appropriate materials and medical equipment.
Treatment of the shoulder joint is performed with the help offolk methods, making vinegar compresses, rubbing into the sick area infusions of burning pepper, burdock root and lilac flowers. After the procedure, the shoulder is warmed, tying with a scarf. However, it should be understood that it is impossible to cure serious pathologies in such ways.