What are veneers and lumineers, differences
Restoration of teeth is considered one of the mostcomplex variants of correction of appearance, since it is very difficult to fix bone tissue. Modern dentistry offers several ways to create a beautiful white smile, and today the safest of them is the installation of veneers, lumineers.
Safe tooth restoration
Veneers - strong ultra-thin plates (up to 0.5mm), the installation of which achieve the ideal shape of the tooth. The products are adhered with a special compound that provides good adhesion to the enamel and does not damage it. In the acidic environment of the oral cavity the material does not dissolve, retains its original appearance and properties for 25 years. Veneers and lumineers are selected in shades to make the smile look natural, not "plastic". Most often, high-quality ceramics are used for manufacturing, which has a smooth surface and minimal porosity. Hence, the products retain a white tint for a long time and do not absorb the coloring matter.
The plates are divided into straight and indirect. The latter are made on an individual cast and put mainly on the front teeth. This procedure is not always carried out to get a "Hollywood smile": both the veneer and the lumineer protect the teeth well. Plates are made from a material identical in properties to healthy enamel: microrelief, properties and ability to transmit light.
Indications and contraindications for the use of veneers
Veneers help to solve many aesthetic problems, create a dream smile and protect your teeth from damage:
- Masking of defects. Erosion of enamel, darkening, stains from cigarettes and excessive consumption of coffee, medications - all this makes the person uncomfortable and causes complexes. Veneers mask all the shortcomings.
- Straight dentition. For violations in the vertical or horizontal plane, the veneers help to align the teeth.
- Damaged teeth. Scales, scabbings, cracks and other defects are hidden under the plates.
- The patient has caries, periodontitis, pulpitis.
- Fine tooth enamel.
- Anomaly of occlusion.
- Incomplete teething.
Veneers or crowns?
It would seem that the crowns are familiar to everyone, their propertiestime-tested, why are there any veneers or lumineers then, and what are the better they are? In modern cosmetology and medicine, new technologies are constantly being created to improve human life.
What to do with your teeth, everyone decides for himself. We only give a few advantages of installing porcelain plates:
- Aesthetic characteristics of the jaw are much higher with veneers than with massive crowns.
- Before installing the plates, a very thin layer of enamel is grinded off. For a crown sometimes even a nerve.
- Veneer and lumineer keep the smile natural.
- The model of the dentition can be seen in advance already during computer diagnostics.
How to keep an impeccable restored smile?
Following the recommendations of specialists, over the years you will smile with pride for your teeth. It is important to follow simple rules of care:
- daily oral hygiene;
- regular meetings with the dentist for preventive purposes;
- refusal of coffee, cigarettes, nuts, seeds,
- Nails, pencils and other hard objects to gnaw, too, is not recommended.
There are no special requirements for the care of the lining: habitual brush, paste, thread and rinse aid for the mouth will be enough. And veneers and lumineers are located to the formation of stone and plaque less than native teeth.
Lumineers, or perfect teeth
Let us examine an important difference. Lumineer from veneer differs than? In fact, the lumières are the same plates, only much thinner (up to 0.2 mm). The installation does not require turning the enamel, with the use of anesthesia, the procedure is completely painless and fully performed for a maximum of three visits to the dentist. Also, temporary constructions are not required, as is the case with veneers. When using coffee, tea or other coloring products, the design does not change color.
Veneers and lumineers: what's the difference? The second is special in that they prevent the appearance of caries. The service life of products is up to 20 years. Patients emphasize such an important advantage: a specialist can remove records at any time, if necessary. There are practically no contraindications to lumineers installation, except for a weak enamel and a severely distorted occlusion.
In case the correct technique was usedinstallation and quality materials, overlays will last at least 15 years. Only the tissue of the tooth itself can change under the plate and around it. For example, if the gums are inflamed, they descend, thus denuding the roots. From an aesthetic point of view, this is a serious problem, especially when a color correction procedure was performed. The border of different shades will be very noticeable.
What is the difference between the lining of the teeth?
Veneers and Lumineers: what's the difference, and what method of restoration to choose? To answer the question, it is important to know about the features of each type of overlays. The main task of both products is to hide imperfections, making the smile attractive and healthy. Plates precisely repeat the tooth shape and are glued from the outside. The main difference (the lumineer from the veneer, as already noted above, is different) is the thickness of the plate, and also the method of installation.
Lumineers are thinner in 10 times and even shine throughthe thickness of the product is affected by manufacturing technology. In any case, after installation, the teeth become more well-groomed, the smile is more effective and brighter. Before the installation of veneers, tooth treatment is required, it is grinded so that the plates are well fixed. When using lumineers, preliminary procedures are not carried out, the tooth shape is not changed for their planting.
What exactly to choose - veneer or lumineers, dependsfrom the dental problem with which the patient came, the financial possibilities and individual preferences. The first will be the ideal solution for eliminating interdental gaps, straightening a row. The second best to correct the cracks, chips and change the color of the enamel. But despite the fact that the second ultrathin, dentists warn in advance: these teeth look somewhat massive. Lumineers do not fit people with heavily curved teeth and spots. They are used to mask weakly expressed curvatures and light spots. But what exactly is suitable in each specific case, can be determined only by a specialist on the basis of the analysis done.
Cost of products
Pads are recommended for installation to anyone whosesmile is not ideal. Acquiring a beautiful smile, the patient gets more self-confidence, becomes more joyful and communicative. It is important to apply for services only in specialized clinics. Illiterate pads will not fit tightly on the tooth, increasing the likelihood of infection, which will lead to inflammatory processes. As for the price of the products, the cost for veneers and lumineers is completely different. The prices in the price lists of any medical institution are indicated for one tooth. The lowest - from 25 000 rubles to 50 000 rubles. The cost includes such services as consultation, diagnostics, preparation, preliminary treatment if necessary, computer modeling, installation. However, this cost is quite justified, given the service life of the plate.
Trying on a future "Hollywood" smile
Its history is taken from porcelain platesHollywood. In the distant 40-ies during the filming of actors glued temporary porcelain front teeth, to imitate an impeccable snow-white smile. Usually this beauty ended near the fangs, but at that time it was enough. The technology of gluing was not as perfect as it is now, so with the "new" teeth Hollywood stars did not go long. With the advent of new adhesives, specialists give a multi-year warranty on products.
Before installing the veneers, a prototypefuture overlays. It is prepared on the basis of hypoallergenic wax. During the first fitting the patient can already see what kind of smile he will have in the near future. At this stage, all the wishes of the patient are discussed with the aesthetic dentist. The photo is taken before and after the implantation of the linings.
Installation of plates
Further prepared cast of jaws is givendental technician, which, in fact, produces veneers and lumineers. Depending on how many plates are required, and what is the technology of production, it takes from one to several weeks. All this time the patient goes with the turned teeth, if such procedure was carried out, therefore can test a certain dyscomfort connected with the raised sensitivity to a cold and hot, rough surface of a teeth.
Finished plates are formed in the shape of the tooth,undermine if necessary and completely corrected. Then they are simply glued on a special compound to the tooth. The doctor evaluates the finished work, removes the remnants of the gel and checks the bite. Despite the fact that the veneers and lumineers are very thin, they become part of the tooth after bonding with the enamel and are able to withstand the load calculated for the native hard tissue.