Violation of posture is the main cause of scoliosis
Very often the first impression from the firstthe person you see is formed according to the proportions of the figure, gait, posture and overall appearance. And an important role in shaping the assessment of the external appearance is played by a beautiful posture. Particular attention to the correctness of human posture is dictated not only by aesthetic considerations, but also by concern for the state of his health, because it largely depends on the health of the spine.
Correct posture depends on a number ofinterrelated causes, although most of the features of posture are congenital. However, with the help of special exercises, the inborn qualities of posture can be changed for the better. Posture is considered correct when a person standing at ease, without superfluous effort, keeps the head and body straight. People with proper posture have a slight gait, their shoulders are slightly lowered and laid back, the stomach is tightened, the chest is in front, and the legs are bent at the knees.
The most common disorders of posture (lordosis, kyphosis,stoop, flat back) and lateral curvature of the spine (scoliosis) are found in children of school and preschool age. So, according to the data of outpatient examinations, about 85% of pre-school children and 90% of school-age children have some external characteristic features confirming that they have a violation of posture.
Correct posture is formed in a person from the verychildhood, in the process of its growth and development. Defects and violation of posture in children, as well as curvature of the spine can develop already in infancy. The main causes that cause these disorders are uneven development of the muscles of the trunk or their weakness. In addition, the development of defects of posture is facilitated by wearing a baby on one hand, too early attempts to plant a child and put it on the legs, sagging and too soft bed. Violation of posture can be caused by the constant management of the child by one hand during walks, inappropriate clothes and furniture for the size of the child. Very often the violation of the posture of schoolchildren occurs as a result of wearing a portfolio in the same hand, drawing and reading in bed, because of riding under the frame on a bicycle for adults, the habit of standing, leaning on one leg.
The most common violation of posture isthe so-called stoop, in which the man's shoulder joints are brought forward, the head is lowered, the scapula resembles the wings, the back is round, and the breast is flat. With kyphosis, most of the curvature is manifested in the cervical and thoracic spine, and in lordosis - in the lumbar. Disorder of posture, called a flat back, is characterized by little expressed bends of the spine.
First, the violation of posture does not lead to changesspine, but if the wrong posture is not in the habit and there are no eliminating the reasons contributing to its maintenance, changes begin to occur in the spine, it warps and scoliosis appears.
Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, which is also accompanied by the appearance of a rib humeral hump. Among the acquired forms of scoliosis are:
- Ricket scoliosis, which arose after the transfer of rickets;
- school ("habitual") scoliosis, which occurred against the background of incorrect posture and posture;
- Static scoliosis, often occurring with different development of the lower extremities and lateral standing of the pelvis;
- paralytic scoliosis, which resulted from the defeat of the muscles of the trunk (after the transferred poliomyelitis);
- cicatricial scoliosis (after a surgery on the chest or tightening scars after a burn);
- traumatic scoliosis;
- reflex-pain scoliosis, which arose on the soil of lesion of nerve roots.
The result of a violation of posture isoverstrain of various muscle groups leading to dysfunction, tension headaches, pain in the cervical spine, between the shoulder blades and in the waist region. In addition, children develop lethargy, irritability, violation of attention and sleep.