Varicose veins: symptoms, causes and prevention
Varicose veins can form in theany part of the body, but the veins on the legs usually suffer most often. This may be due to the fact that walking and standing are a source of additional pressure on the veins in this place. Varicose veins cause pain and discomfort in the affected area. The severity of the pain caused by it depends on several factors and ranges from minor discomfort to very strong unpleasant sensations.
Varicose veins - symptoms of the disease
Many have a stereotype that a personnecessarily experiencing pain, having varicose veins. Symptoms can be different - the pain does not always appear. For example, an obvious sign of the disease is a change in the color of the veins. They become bluish or even dark purple if you have varicose veins. Symptoms in men and women are almost identical: twisting and protrusion of veins on the legs. There are also:
• Severe and unhealthy sensations in the legs.
• Severe pain, which can be worse when sitting.
• Appearance of ulcers on the skin, mainly in the area of the ankle.
• Itching around the veins.
• Muscle cramps, burning, swelling and throbbing pain in the lower leg.
One of the main problems of this disease is a cosmetic defect. This is of particular concern to women who have to remove skirts and shorts from their wardrobe.
The exact cause of this disease is not yetit is clarified, but it is believed that increased pressure on the veins can lead to their enlargement and protrusion. The weakness or absence of valves in the veins can also lead to poor circulation, and then to the emergence of varicose veins. Some of the common causes of varicose veins include:
- Weak walls of the veins.
- Hereditary factor.
- The formation of thrombi, which prevents the flow of blood.
- Obesity and overweight greatly increase the pressure on the veins.
- Congenital anomalies in the veins.
- The monotonous position of the body, which limits the flow of blood.
Pregnancy is also considered as one of the causes of varicose veins associated with weight gain, which leads to increased pressure on the veins of the legs and feet.
Varicose veins - prevention of disease
Below are some simple tips that help prevent the development of this disease.
- Stand straight. Good posture helps reduce the pressure in the veins.
- Maintain an ideal body weight. Too much weight leads to the fact that the entire circulatory system is harder to work, which in turn increases the internal pressure of the veins on the legs.
- Do not keep your legs crossed when sitting. Crossing the legs slows the flow of blood back to the heart and increases the pressure in the veins on the legs.
- Regularly perform various physical exercises, choosing such as walking, rowing, cycling and swimming. They increase the overall circulation without increasing the pressure in the veins.
- Do not stand still for long - move.
- Pull out your legs if you sit for a long time. Turn your ankles and bend your toes at this time.
- Wear clothing that does not squeeze the waist, groin or legs.
- Avoid high heels.
- Raise your legs when lying down. This will allow blood to flow easily from the bottom of the legs back to the heart.
- Discontinue birth control pills, which have a high level of estrogen. it can cause varicose veins.
Symptoms persist and cause discomfort? Consult a doctor for expert advice and assistance!