Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are the main sights of Moscow
The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square arethe main sights of the capital of Russia. Twenty towers and the same number of walls were, in fact, a grandiose fortress to protect against enemy attacks. Now the fortress has lost its fortification purpose. The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are Russia's business card, its cultural heritage.
The Kremlin is located on the Moscow River, on its leftbank, high Borovitsky hill. On the perimeter are several travel towers, the rest are of an architectural and historical character. The main tower of the ensemble is Spasskaya, on it are clock-chimes, according to which it is customary to celebrate the New Year throughout the country. The clock is always accurate, standard time. The Spasskaya Tower is a separate attraction of Moscow, but for tourists its internal premises are closed.
The Moscow Kremlin and Red Square are connectedtogether and complement each other. From the Spassky Tower Vasilievsky descent leading to the Moskva River, Zamoskvoretsky Bridge and the corner Beklemishevskaya Tower originates.
In the 16th century were expanded and landscapedKremlin streets: Nikolskaya, Chudovskaya and Spasskaya. This was done to resettle numerous boyars and representatives of the clergy, who literally flooded the territory of the Kremlin, settling on permanent residence with their families. The liberated zones began to be built up. In 1552 the belfry "Ivan the Great" received an extension in the form of the Resurrection Church, then the churches of the Three Saints and Solovetsky Miracle Workers appeared in the courtyard of the Metropolitans. The grand ducal palace was radically reconstructed. The royal family received the Bed Chambers near the Church of the Savior on the Bor.
The main attractions of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square
In the Kremlin are:
- Museum Armory, where unique exhibits are collected: the royal carriages and clothing of monarchs, the world-famous Monomakh hat, the collection of Easter eggs by Karl Faberge, the Russian jeweler;
- three grand cathedrals: the Archangel, the Annunciation and the Assumption.
- the church of the Deposition;
- museum exhibit Tsar Bell;
- belfry "Ivan the Great";
- Tsar Cannon, a unique weapon.
What is on the Red Square?
The main square of Moscow is famous for the Basil cathedralBlessed, his other name is the Intercession Cathedral. A temple of stunning beauty was created during the reign of Ivan the Terrible in honor of the conquest of Kazan. The architectural value of the cathedral has not yet been determined. This greatest masterpiece of temple architecture was created by architects called Postnik and Barma. Nine churches are gathered together. Each has its own name. In the center is the Church of the Intercession of the Theotokos. Then follow:
- the church chapel of the Three Patriarchs;
- The Holy Trinity;
- Nikola Velikoretsky;
- Cyprian and Ustinya;
- the entrance of the Lord into Jerusalem;
- Gregory the Armenian;
- Alexander Svirsky;
- Varlaam Khutynsky.
In the immediate vicinity of the Intercession Cathedralthere is a monument to Minin and Pozharsky. A little further - the place of execution, where public executions took place. Next stretched the vast expanse of Red Square, covered with paving stones. At the end is the Russian Museum. On the left, along the Red Square, stretches the Kremlin wall, it ends with the Nikolskaya travel tower.
Until recently, the public was interestedLenin's mausoleum and a section of the Kremlin wall with honorable burial places. Today, everything is planted with blue fir trees, but this plot does not enjoy popularity. On the opposite side of the Red Square is GUM, the oldest Moscow department store.
Covering the sights of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square, one can mention the annual parade of military equipment that takes place on the square on May 9.
In Soviet times, many buildings of the MoscowThe Kremlin was destroyed. And this was done as a result of the official directives of the Soviet government. The Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square were not considered the property of the Soviet authorities. Especially a lot of exhibits suffered as a result of the barbaric actions of militant atheists. Many attractions of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square have suffered. The letter of the People's Commissar for Education Lunacharsky, which he sent to the chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR Kalinin in order to prevent further destruction, was recognized as harmful, anticommunist and anti-Soviet. Two oldest Kremlin monasteries, Voznesensky and Chudov, were immediately demolished.
The Moscow Kremlin and the Red Square successfullyrestored in the post-Soviet period. Cathedrals and museums are functioning, new exhibits are appearing. On the question of which of the attractions of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square is the most interesting, there is no single answer. All the sights are grandiose, each in its own way. A particularly strong impression of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square is left by the Armory Chamber, the Intercession Cathedral and the Russian Museum. It is also impossible to pass by church ensembles, Cathedral Square, other sacral buildings of antiquity. The exact answer to the question, which of the sights of the Moscow Kremlin and Red Square is the most significant, will give a contest of antiquities of Moscow, scheduled for 2016.