Speech styles in Russian and their description
The basic styles of speech in Russian are distinguished frommany of its varieties and consist of a colloquial kind of presentation and book (literary). The first is usually used orally, and the second - more often in written form, it contains still official, business, scientific, journalistic and artistic speech.
In the modern sense, the word "style" denotes the quality of the written, that is, the ability to express their thoughts in different ways, using a variety of linguistic means.
Conversational style is used in a casual andinformal environment for everyday communication in the family, at work or in a friendly conversation in the form of a dialogue. There is an exchange of information, thoughts, feelings about ordinary domestic issues. Characterized by emotionality, gestures and imagery. Words are used simple, neutral, often familiar and affectionate. Sometimes inserted phraseological units (for example, "from the pot two peaks").
Next, we will analyze the styles of speech in Russian, which refer to the literary form.
The official and business style can be found in the sphere oflegislation, administrative and legal activities, etc. It is presented in the form of laws, diplomatic documents, certificates, instructions and other business papers written in standard business vocabulary with established turnover. All information here must be stated accurately and do not allow for a double interpretation.
The official-business and scientific styles of speech in the Russian language are informative in nature and have a dry and concise content.
Artistic style is different from everyone elseimagery and the use of a variety of expressive ways. All styles of speech in the Russian language, examples of which are often found in our daily life, are used in the artistic exposition. However, here they obey the aesthetic function and create a poetic image.
In addition to these styles, there are also functional types of speech, which determine the semantic content of the text (narrative, description and reasoning), but this is already the topic of another article.