Types of political system in modern states
Awareness of sociology and political scientistsphenomena, as a political system, came back in the middle of the twentieth century. This term implies a wide range of legal norms and institutional bodies, which determine the life of society by their form.
Types of political system
Current political scientists distinguish three main types that exist today on the planet, and a lot of mixed options. However, consider the main ones.
Types of political system: democracy
Modern democratic devicespresuppose a number of binding principles. In particular, the separation of branches of power, which is an additional measure of protection against its usurpation; the regular displacement of government officials by re-election; equality of all people before the state laws, regardless of the official, property status or any other advantages. And the central principle of this concept is the recognition of the people as the bearer of the supreme power in the country, which automatically assumes the service to this people of all government structures, its right to their free change and insurrection.
Types of political system: authoritarianism
Although the absolute majority of the worldthe public recognizes the democratic system as the most progressive, however, the usurpation of power sometimes happens. An example is military coups, continuity from archaic forms, as in some monarchies that have survived to this day.
Types of political system: totalitarianism
Totalitarianism at first glance is very similarauthoritarian device. However, unlike him, here the interference in public life is deeper and at the same time more subtle. With a totalitarian system, citizens of the state are brought up from an early age in the conviction that this ideology, power and path are the only true ones. Thus, in totalitarian systems, power gets much more tenacious control over the spiritual and social life of society.