How to cope with nephrotic syndrome?
A nephrotic syndrome is a condition,developing against a background of various systemic, purulent, infectious, urological and metabolic ailments. This pathology complicates the process of kidney disease in about 20% of cases. The syndrome most often occurs in adulthood, usually between thirty and forty
In the case of this disease, there isa classic set of symptoms: the level of proteinuria is above 3.5 g / day, hypoproteinemia and albuminemia - less than 50 g / l, the amount of cholesterol is more than 6.5 mol / l, puffiness. When there are no first and second manifestations, the condition is called a reduced (incomplete) nephrotic syndrome.
Factors contributing to the development of pathology
By the method of origin, nephrotic syndromeis divided into primary, which complicates the course of independent diseases of the kidneys, and secondary - a consequence of diseases that involve the said organs in the process. The first type of pathology is often observed with pyelonephritis, amyloidosis, in pregnant women, with hypernemia and some other ailments. Secondary nephrotic syndrome is called pathology, which can be caused by a variety of conditions. These include:
- rheumatic lesions and collagenoses;
- nodular periarteritis;
- hemorrhagic vasculitis;
- suppuration processes;
- parasitic and infectious ailments.
Nephrotic Syndrome: Diagnosis
Sometimes pathology develops in the backgroundallergic reaction to drugs, poisoning with mercury vapor, insect bites or reptiles. Occasionally, the cause of the disease can not be identified (mainly in children), thus, an idiopathic form of the disease is identified.
The main ways to identify pathology aredata obtained by clinical laboratory tests of urine, blood (general and biochemical analysis). Nephrotic syndrome can be determined by objective examination by a doctor. In this case, pearly, pale dry and cold to the touch patches of the skin, puncture in the tongue, bloating, swelling and enlarged liver size are revealed.
People suffering from nephrotic syndrome,prescribe drugs such as antibiotics and heparin, potassium and diuretics, antihistamines and cardiac substances, vitamins. In the case of an unexplained cause of the pathology, steroid therapy (prednisolone) is recommended. This makes it possible to suppress the formation of antibodies and improve blood flow and filtration in the kidneys. In case of infection, antibiotics are prescribed. During the remission of the disease, treatment is prescribed in climatic specialty resorts.