What is jurisdiction? Definition of concept
In the legal science there are manydifferent terms. Thanks to them, professionals understand each other. Many concepts should be known to all citizens, because they are needed to improve legal literacy.
What is jurisdiction? This term implies the approval of the authority to decide certain disputes and cases. There are several types of jurisdiction that differ in meaning.
What is state jurisdiction? This means that administrative bodies and courts have the right to work only with those cases in which they have powers and competence. International law includes 2 concepts of this kind: national and territorial.
National judicial jurisdiction - implementationpolicy of a country outside its territory, for example, in outer space. Such jurisdiction extends to citizens who live in another country, but it is applied only in Russia. Territorial jurisdiction operates in the country. She has all the powers, except those situations, which are fixed in international treaties.
What is compulsory jurisdiction? When the parties to an interstate treaty have a conflict, this jurisdiction is accepted by all participants voluntarily. In this case, the issue will be decided by the judicial authorities, and this may be different instances.
What is administrative jurisdiction? This term presupposes the authority of state bodies that can resolve issues related to administrative legislation.
This concept isstate law. The state has the right to solve the problems of crimes. This means that the violator of the law will still be punished, wherever the wrongful act is committed.
It belongs to the courts that are consideringnational and international affairs. This applies to criminal offenses, that is, people who have committed a crime against the law are tried. The International Tribunal has the right to formally demand the transfer of the case at different stages.
There is international jurisdiction. It involves obtaining the powers of international bodies, which may consider certain cases. The concept is used to determine the functions of an organ, so it is common in legal practice.