Types of fuses: purpose, description, marking
Fuses are used everywhere - theythere are in technology, in a variety of electrical devices, cars, industrial equipment. There are many kinds of these elements. What are they for and what are their features? Let's consider the main types of fuses.
A fuse is a general term that is used fairly steadily in the field of electrical engineering. This part involves protection for wires, equipment and electrical networks.
These inserts are an obligatory element, without whichno type of safety element is possible. Inside it there is also a special arcing device. Inserts in fuses are made of porcelain or fibrous casings and fixed in special parts that conduct electric current. Elements designed for small currents may not have a body at all.
These are the most common speciesfuses for household use. Probably, this is the only element that is easiest to diagnose for health. To do this, you just need to look at the detail on the skylight - it will be seen if the insertion fuse is intact or not.
Fused tubular ceramic
This element is practically no different fromglassware. The only difference in the material from which the body is made. But in operation these parts are not so comfortable - it will not be possible to diagnose "the light". For testing, you need to use testers or multimeters.
Fusible LDPE insert
These types of fuses operate on the basis of the same principle.
Elements with quartz sand
These fuses are very higharc suppression characteristics. They are produced in two versions: in a casing made of ceramic materials or in glass cases. Often, the product is designed to work with high currents. There are even more advanced models. The fuse device provides one more detail, similar in construction to the LDPE. It is necessary that you can find out which of the fuses is blown.
These products are nothing special from the rest. The only difference is that when a short circuit occurs, the fusible part burns very quickly.
These products can be found in electronic devices. They are very tiny. The principle of operation and designation of fuses is to protect the equipment from high currents, which they can do very well.
These are interesting enough solutions. A self-healing fuse is a part inside which is a special plastic. While the plastic insert is cold, it can conduct electricity. As soon as the insert is heated to a certain temperature, its conductive properties are lost by increasing the resistance.
If all of the above items are known to everyone,then an explosive fuse is a rare group. The process of the part burning out is provided with a rather impressive sound. A special explosive device, which is attached to a conductive part, explodes. Special sensors are responsible for this. The latter follow the current in the electrical circuit. These are very accurate fuses, since they practically do not depend on the characteristics of the metal on the conductive part. This element depends on the accuracy of the current sensor.
Other types of fuses
For work in high-voltage circuits usespecial autogas, gas products, as well as liquid-type elements. There are even shooting fuses. In everyday life they can not be seen - this is a professional powerful equipment.
Marking and symbols
Each manufacturer produces fusesunder a certain code or article. The fuse number allows you to find and refine the specifications in the catalogs. Often, these codes can be found on the cases of products. Also, the code can be applied to the metal part. In addition to the codes, the main data can also be indicated on the housing - this is the nominal current in A, the rated voltages in V, which disconnect characteristics or design features. From these data it is possible to determine the purpose of the fuses.
So, the value of the rated current is the maximum permissible value at which the part can function normally for a long time.
Nominal voltages are the maximum permissible voltage at which the part safely breaks the circuit in the event of a short circuit or overload in the network.
The breaking capacity is called the maximum currents. With them, the fuse will work, but its casing will not be destroyed.
Characteristics are the time dependence,at which the fuse element is collapsing from the current that flows through the part. Different types of fuses according to the characteristics are grouped according to the application and speed of response.
The second letter indicates chain types:
- G - general purpose chain.
- L - cable protection as well as distribution systems.
- M - protection of circuits in electric motors.
- Tr is a fuse capable of protecting the transformer network.
Elements with the letter R are used together with power semiconductor equipment. A PV will be able to protect the solar panels.
So, we examined what types of fuses are and what they are labeled.