Who are they, the generalissimo of Russia?
The word "generalissimo" is translated from Latin as"foremost". The military rank of Generalissimo appeared in France in the middle of the 16th century. In Russia, he introduced the young Peter I, it was used first for fun and amusing wars. The first generalissimo of Russia is Fedor Romodanovsky and Ivan Baturin. F.Yu. Romodanovsky later performed the duties of the prince-Caesar during Peter the Great's journey through Europe.
In the generalissimo of Russia was built AS. Shein, A.D. Menshikov, Prince Anton Ulrich of Braunschweig and A.V. Suvorov.
I must say that this title was not originallywas in itself of any serious nature. A.S. Shane received this rank from Peter I during the war with the Swedes, which began for him unsuccessfully. He was captured, covering the retreat of the Russian troops. A.S. Shane was exchanged for Swedish officers. He commanded Semenovsky and Preobrazhensky regiments - the pride of the emperor. They distinguished themselves in the battle of Azov. When A.S. Shane was appointed commander-in-chief, Russian troops managed to finally take Azov, for which he received in 1696 the rank of generalissimo. He died in 1700.
A similar story happened with Prince AntonUlrich of Braunschweig. He received the rank of Generalissimo only because he was the father of the young Emperor John VI, in 1740. A year after Elizabeth I ascended the throne, the prince was stripped of his ranks and exiled to Kholmogory. He lived there for a long time, died in 1774.
Analyzing historical facts, loomsa strange pattern. All the generalissimo of Russia after receiving this title almost immediately or for a short time fell into disgrace and soon died. Only I.V. Stalin remained in this rank for 8 years. It existed until 1993, but it was no longer appropriated to anyone.