Political leadership and its characteristics
Political leadership as a social institutionarose long ago. This was due historically, because it was necessary to somehow order and harmonize the social interests of society, so that its members lived in a civilized way.
However, the widespread use of this term is notsecured for him, however, some kind of strict definition. The term "political leader" is used as a synonym for the words "leader", "manager" and so on. But the essence of these definitions is not exactly the same, because not every manager can be a political leader. Obviously, by the last phrase we understand that person who is capable of leading the masses and directing the people in the right direction.
The nature of political leadership
Such a person is distinguished by a combination of somebasic qualities: strength of character, will, charm, determination and subtle intuition. Note that not the last role in this list is played by hypnotic abilities. Nobody talks about hypnosis in the sense we are used to. But the fact that the leader is able to lead the masses and make them believe in their words is an irrefutable fact.
To date, when the democraticsociety is developing widely, political leadership has changed its orientation somewhat. To date, such personalities are not always considered to be figures who hold official and command posts. As a rule, these are people who are popular and influential participants in political events in the state, as well as those who are deploying their activities in the regions.
A political leader, therefore, is a person,which most accurately and fully reflects the interests of the people, protects them, and also possesses the qualities by which it can be attributed to politicians. In general, political leadership and the explanation of its nature began to evolve from the characteristics of its individual representatives and the discussion of specific human qualities. The essence of the occurrence of such a phenomenon in science has several explanations. In particular, several theories have appeared, for example, the theory of features in which a leader is a collection of certain characteristics that help him achieve his goal. At present, there are three outstanding examples of leaders who left a notable mark in history, but they were not alike in their human qualities and political ambitions. They are Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher and Helmut Kohl. Political leadership in Russia, however, also has its representatives, on the basis of which it is possible to judge its characteristics. First of all, we are talking about Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin, who are different in their methods of influence and political programs.
Note that there are certain world trends in the development of leadership. The main ones should be considered:
- National leaders should not ignore global problems. Their domestic policy is an integral part of the global process.
- Increasing role and public influence of informal figures.
- Strengthening the concentration of leaders in resolving political and economic problems.
- Reducing the likelihood of the emergence of leaders-heroes and their antipodes.
- Political leadership reduces the limits of its power, because the system of separation of power is being improved, and the boundaries of civil society are expanding.
In any state there is a system of training personnel, which later grow into leaders, has some specificity:
- Liberal-democratic (western and eastern).
- Theocratic, which is applicable where the dominant role in the government is given to religion. </ ol </ p>