"Kalashnikov" - machine gun today
We constantly hear about the fact that "Kalashnikov"machine, unparalleled, and yet not soon he will find an equivalent replacement. Such statements are contrary to the latest decisions of the Ministry of Defense of Russia on the refusal to further purchase these weapons, and the new Kalashnikov assault rifles (AK 12) are not even admitted to state tests. What is it - the shortsightedness of officials or the machine is really obsolete? Let's try to understand.
No matter how good a weapon is, it hastheir strengths and weaknesses. It is a successful combination of qualities that distinguishes outstanding samples. And, of course, AK had such a combination. "Kalashnikov" - the machine is incredibly technological, reliable and easy to operate, besides it has a powerful fire. Meanwhile, he also has shortcomings, such as the relatively low accuracy of automatic fire. Proceeding from the experience of the Second World War, this shortcoming could not be considered significant, because in a combined-arms battle, fire was conducted by whole units, and the accuracy of fire was not important, but accuracy. If accuracy were the prevailing quality of the army's small arms, then the trilinear and Mausers of the century before last would still be in service.
Meanwhile, the conditions for conducting armed struggleare changing, and now grandiose battles like the "Kursk arc" are unlikely. As the experience of the last decades shows, armed struggle has moved to cities where the tremendous power of modern support means is not so effective. A fight in the city requires a compact, accurate and universal weapon, that is, those qualities that AK does not have. And here the argument that "Kalashnikov" is a machine for a simple soldier does not work any more, for the demands on a modern soldier are no longer as simple as 30-40 years ago.
Modern Army Small Armsdevelops along the path of creating improved ammunition, the use of synthetic materials in the design and a more dense layout of its components, and by achieving a high degree of universality. The latter is achieved through the use of modular structures that allow changing the combat characteristics of each individual sample, depending on the combat mission or conditions. In addition, the military wants a machine that has a very accurate automatic fire (which is critical in the city), on which it would be possible to install optics, a grenade launcher and other auxiliary devices.
"Kalashnikov" - machine gun today
Is it possible to upgrade the "old warrior" tomodern requirements? The designers of the Izhevsk plant tried to answer this question positively and created a new Kalashnikov automatic rifle - AK 12. But the words "created" and "new" somehow do not quite fit in with their offspring. They put the Picatini bar on the "old man", fastened a new butt, made a new (two-way) fire translator and subjected the barrel to a more precise treatment ... everything. But what about "know-how" and requirements for modern weapons?!? It seems that Izhmash decided: "And so it will come down ..." In general, AK 12 turned out to be not only better than its prototype, but also more expensive. Well, the designers gave the time to finish the machine before the state tests, but it is highly doubtful that in two months they will be able to make cardinal changes in the design. Other things being equal, the automatic machine AEK 971 of the Degtyarev plant with its balanced automation looks much better for the military, and there is room for modernization.