Orthopedic insoles with heel spur: types, tips, reviews
Often, people in the heel area form a certainan outgrowth called a spur. It traumatizes soft tissues when a person leans on the heel and causes intense pain when pressing on it. Orthopedic insoles with heel spurs help to avoid painful sensations while walking, and are also a good preventive method. Consider what orthopedic insoles exist, their differences and features.
The wedge-shaped spine on the heel of the calcaneus,It appears as a result of the inflammation of the plantar fascia, called the spur. It causes pain when walking, which contributes to disruption in gait and a decrease in the standard of living. As a rule, the spur is formed with developed flat feet, due to the fact that the normal redistribution of load on the foot is violated and the tendons of the plant aponeurosis are damaged. Often, the emergence of pathology due to trauma to the calcaneus or is a consequence of chronic joint disease. The most common cause of spurs is not the physiological position of the feet, this defect helps to correct the orthopedic insoles, since they are designed specifically to support the foot in the anatomical position and well cushion the foot. Orthopedic insoles with heel spur designate as a means of conservative treatment or used to prevent disease.
What are orthopedic insoles?
Orthopedic insoles are called specialThe devices that look like liners in shoes on a flat sole. They maintain the physiological position of the foot when walking, fulfilling the role of corset for it. Often, these devices are equipped with special cushioning tabs that help ease the burden on the arch of the foot and contribute to the extinction of the shock wave while walking. Such insoles repeat the arch of the foot in exact accordance with its shape. Orthopedic insoles with heel spurs, photos of which are presented in our article, support the calcaneus in an elevated position. Under the heel in the insole, there is usually a soft cushioning tab that allows you to reduce the pressure of the spur on the soft tissue of the foot while walking and reduce the degree of pain. In addition, the design of orthopedic insoles with a heel spur helps maintain the longitudinal and transverse arch of the foot. Such support helps to heal the plantar aponeurosis and improves the cushioning of the foot in different types of flatfoot.
A variety of orthopedic insoles areHindquarters supporting the foot in the calcaneus region. The material for their production is cork, natural leather, silicone, medifoam (modern synthetic material). Their sale is carried out in shoe and orthopedic salons, pharmacies and via the Internet. Orthopedic insoles with heel spurs, according to consumers, not all are the same, what you need to pay attention to when buying. Their types are determined by a specific purpose. If you do not take this into account, you can not get the expected effect from the product.
Amortizing podpjatochnik happens round orwedge shaped. This type of device is used in the following conditions: heel spurs, arthrosis of the joints of the lower extremities, trauma of the feet in the heel area. In the center of the liner is a hard site, which, when walking, massage the soft tissues of the heel and softening the marginal osteophyte. The podpjatochnik helps improve the damping of the foot, reducing the shock load on the heels, joints and spine. There are other types of orthopedic insoles with heel spurs.
Gel podpjatochnik with bumpers
As a material for its manufacturemedical silicone is used. The product is equipped with rigid edges along the edges and a soft spring-loaded insert in the center. This version of the orthopedic insole is designed for anatomically correct positioning of the foot in the shoe and provides a physiologically correct leg movement when walking. Comfortable conditions for the heel provide a cushioning insert, it is also responsible for reducing pain during support on the calcaneus and improving local circulation and metabolic processes. This product can be used for shoes with a heel. Povdeytochniki with rims are specially designed for reliable fixation of the foot in a physiological position.
All types of orthopedic insoles with heel spurproduce different sizes. Therefore, when purchasing such a commodity, you need to measure the exact length of the foot. The insole should fit snugly against the bottom of the shoe, and the heel pads can even be glued to the heel area to prevent the liner from slipping.
The benefits of wearing orthopedic insoles
With some pathologies of the locomotor systemapparatus requires wearing orthopedic insoles, in addition they are used to prevent diseases of the axial skeleton. When a calcaneal spur appears, the insole and heel pads are indispensable helpers. Wearing orthopedic insoles has a number of advantages, which should be mentioned separately. They perform the following functions:
- Prevention of diseases of the spine and joints.
- Fixing the foot in the physiological position while wearing shoes.
- Rigid inserts have a massage effect on the plantar surface of the foot, help improve the circulation of the lower extremities.
- Gel liners absorb the foot and reduce the pressure of spurs on the heel, have analgesic effect.
- Orthopedic insoles with heel spur support the heel in elevated position, reducing pressure on plantar aponeurosis.
- Reduce fatigue of the lower extremities during prolonged exercise and sports.
- The use of these devices reduces the duration of conservative treatment, is used in shock wave therapy and during recovery from surgery.
The choice of the model and the type of orthopedic insole or heel pad remains with you, but it is better to consult an orthopedist or surgeon who can give qualified advice.
Care of products
To serve longer orthopedic insoles forheel spurs, tips for caring for them include regular washing of products with warm water and soap and drying without the use of heat sources. Doctors advise old insoles to be regularly replaced with new ones, as they wear out and lose some of their damping functions. It is less common to replace products made from natural materials (cork, felt, leather). Even more durable are products made of silicone. With proper care of them, it is quite possible to use them for several years. In addition, they prevent the appearance of an unpleasant odor if sweating of feet is observed. Let's consider, what to prefer orthopedic insoles at a heel spur - silicone or others.
How to choose insoles?
Modern manufacturers offer verya wide choice of insoles with orthopedic support. The choice of these products should be approached very carefully, since an incorrectly selected insole can aggravate the disease, and not help in its correction. All insoles should be equipped with a supinator, which is located under the inner arch of the foot, have a groove and special wedge-shaped inserts in the heel zone. Also in the insole should be a metatarsal pillow. In addition, it is necessary to pay attention to the material from which the products are made, because it is the quality of the material that provides comfort when worn. Insoles are leather, felt, silicone, gel and from skin substitutes. The configuration of the insoles also varies. We already talked about some of the forms in this article.
Let us recall once again what their varieties are:
- orthopedic insoles of a combined or longitudinal structure, they are used mainly for flat feet;
- semi-insole, which do not have a toe piece (suitable for wearing in narrow shoes);
- heels, are designed to reduce the load on the heels.
What orthopedic insoles for a calcaneal spur is better to buy?
When choosing, one should pay attention to the fact thatthe insole should repeat the shape of the foot exactly. It is also very important when choosing orthopedic insoles to take into account the size of the foot, its anatomical structure, body weight, severity of pathology. Sometimes orthopedists recommend insoles, made to order in a special workshop. This is the most comfortable option.
Insoles with own hands
If desired, you can make orthopedicinsole with a calcaneal spur with their own hands. To do this, you will need old shoe soles, a tight roll of cotton wool or felt, cloth. The material is better to take cotton. It is necessary to cut a pattern out of it on the contour of the insole and paste it, covering it with a roller, then return it to the shoes. It is important to correctly calculate the height of the lift.
The use of insoles or heels attreatment and prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system finds many reviews, mostly positive. Patients note that when wearing equipment, legs are less tired, pain in the lumbar region, pain, swelling, easier mobility and better results of shock wave therapy. Disadvantages of these products are called their fragility, because of which the insole is often changed.
The systematic use of orthopedic insoles and heel supports help ease the burden on the affected foot, reduce the damaging effect of the heel spurs on the plantar fascia and soft tissues.
Insoles normalize the local blood flow andprevent the occurrence of pain in the area of the heel. In connection with the above, it is necessary to recall that insole and heel pads are auxiliary devices and do not abolish conservative or surgical treatment, but can only be used as part of complex therapy. The use of insoles during the remission of the disease and the absence of acute manifestations contributes to the prevention of recurrence of the disease and provides a reduction in the shock load on the musculoskeletal system.
So, we examined how to choose orthopedic insoles with a calcaneal spur.