Increased lower pressure. What is the reason for this?
The fact that pressure surges are dangerous, and it needs to be controlled, practically everyone knows at present.
The principle of measuring the pressure is as follows: the upper indicator is fixed when the first beat of the pulse is heard in the stethoscope, the lower one at the last stroke.
The upper pressure is the pressure at the maximumcontraction of the heart muscle. It speaks directly about the work of the heart. It is called systolic. The lower pressure - the pressure with the maximum relaxation of the heart muscle, indicates the elasticity and tone of large vessels. It is called diastolic.
What does increased low pressure mean? Changing the vascular system, which worsens the general condition. With an increase in diastolic pressure, the same unpleasant sensations are felt as with an increase in systolic pressure: dizziness, nausea, weakness.
Reasons for narrowing the gap between pressure indicators
Most often, the cause of increasing any pressure are stressful situations. If, after the exit was found, the pressure has entered the previous borders, it is not worth worrying.
If, regardless of the situation, the tonometer shows a stably small gap - by 20-30 mm Hg. Art. - it is worth thinking about your health.
If the bottom pressure is increased, the reasons for this may be as follows:
- disruption of the thyroid gland;
- diseases of the spine;
- chronic kidney disease;
- pathology of metabolic processes in the body.
To determine the cause and eliminate it, you need to see a doctor, even if the concomitant symptomatology has not yet manifested itself. The sooner the disease is identified, the easier it will be to get rid of it.
The danger of increasing the lower pressure
With what would the body not be associated with a changethe index of the lower pressure, eventually it will affect the work of the kidneys. It is the kidneys responsible for the stable lower pressure, producing a special substance - renin. If the blood flow in them decreases, they increase the production of this component, throwing it into the blood. In the blood, it interacts with the neutral angiotensinogen of the blood, which increases the pressure as a whole.
It is impossible to ignore the state whenyou begin to notice that the lower pressure is constantly increased. When the work of large blood vessels is disrupted, atherosclerosis begins to develop - a disease in which memory deteriorates and the work of the heart is disrupted.
Lowering the lower pressure is dangerous due to impaired brain activity and the development of Alzheimer's disease.
How to stabilize the lower pressure
If the lower pressure is increased, then after a visit to a specialist, a survey will be scheduled, during which it will be necessary:
- to pass blood and urine tests;
- make ultrasound of the heart, urinary system and thyroid;
- To pass or take place inspection which will show a condition of vessels of a brain;
- During the day, every hour, measure the pressure.
After determining the cause that caused the change in the lower index of pressure, medication is prescribed.
But you do not need to rely entirely on medical means. You can try to stabilize the state yourself.
This is not so difficult to do. If the lower pressure is increased, you should reconsider your own diet, go for a while to food, which is prepared completely without salt. It is worth adding to the daily diet products rich in magnesium and potassium - bananas, baked potatoes, walnuts, oatmeal, buckwheat. It is necessary to refrain from smoking, since nicotine disastrously affects the blood vessels, and more walk. Try also to avoid stressful situations.