How is syphilis transmitted: the causes, symptoms and treatment of the disease
One of the most common sexually transmitted diseases among women and men is syphilis. Therefore, it is very important to know how syphilis is transmitted so that it does not accidentally become its carrier.
First, let's figure out how dangerous it isa sexually transmitted disease. In the absence of treatment, syphilis can last for years. During this time, it affects not only the organs of the reproductive system, but also the liver, stomach, nervous, osteoarticular and cardiovascular systems. This disease is characterized by an alternation of latent phases and periods of exacerbation. Causes syphilis treponema pale - a microbe that has a spiral shape.
How is syphilis transmitted??
Usually, syphilis is transmitted at sexual contact, less often - at contact with the infected person (a household way). Infection can happen from mother to child, as well as during blood transfusions.
How is syphilis transmitted yet? Infection can occur in the absence of visible signs of disease on the genitals through the sperm of the patient.
How is syphilis transmitted in the home? As a rule, the probability of infection through common hygiene items (for example, through a toilet seat) is very small, since treponema is very sensitive to the effects of various disinfectants, heat and cold. Also, it dies when dried. Please note that in mikroanki on mucous membranes and skin, the bacillus can get through utensils, toothbrushes, bed linens and other common objects. Therefore, if you strictly follow the rules of personal hygiene, you do not have to face such a form of disease as syphilis household.
The first symptoms of the disease
The first sign of syphilis is education on the skinsolid chancre or painful ulcer with dense margins, which, as a rule, occurs on the genitals. Less common is the formation of chancre on the oral mucosa, the mammary glands or the skin of the thighs. Recognize the household syphilis by the formation of ulcers on the skin of the face.
The second most common featuredisease is an increase in lymph nodes in its carrier in the region of the appearance of a solid chancre. As a rule, this symptom is manifested on the 6-8th day of infection.
On the 5th-7th day of the course of the disease, inflammation occurs in the lymphatic vessels, which looks like a seal under the skin of the genital organs.
Usually primary manifestations of syphilis disappearapproximately 7 weeks after the onset of the disease, which then passes into a latent phase. Therefore, a person, a carrier of syphilis who does not know about what symptoms this disease, continues to lead a sexual life, spreading the infection further.
Symptoms of secondary syphilis
The second stage of the disease occurs after the expiration of9-11 weeks, when bacteria enter the bloodstream. In this case the disease will manifest itself as a small painful rash and ulcers on the mucous membranes and skin, which disappear after 7-9 weeks. There may be such consequences as hair loss, joint pain and fever. The above symptoms without medical therapy may disappear and reappear for several years. In case of domestic infection, carriers of secondary syphilis are quite dangerous.
Symptoms of tertiary syphilis
In 30% of cases in the absence of treatment, the diseasepasses into its last stage, when it penetrates into all organs and systems of the body. Deformed cartilage and soft tissue. At this stage, patients with syphilis are not at risk.
Treatment of syphilis
As a rule, medical therapy of the disease lasts from 2 to 3 months and includes the following medicines:
- antibiotics (bismoderol, bismuth, benzylpenicillin);
- immunomodulators (T-activin, thymalin);
- B group vitamins and antioxidants that stimulate regenerative processes;
- Probiotics (Hilak, Lineks, etc.).
Please note that self-medication can not only notbring the desired results, but also harm your health. Therefore, if you find yourself experiencing the above symptoms, seek qualified medical help to prevent the transition of the disease into a chronic form. Be healthy!