/ / Symptoms and causes of vasculitis

Symptoms and causes of vasculitis

Pathological inflammatory lesions of blood vesselsis called vasculitis. The disease can be subjected to any part of the circulatory system, which is why its functions are not realized properly. The tissue does not receive the right amount of blood, of which the products of metabolism are not derived.

Causes of vasculitis
As a result, the activities of organs,located on the area where vasculitis took place. How to treat this disease? Everything depends on the nature of its course, the type of vessels and their degree of damage. For example, the skin can manifest hemorrhagic vasculitis. Its causes are in microvessel injuries at the epidermis surface, therefore, it is not as dangerous as destruction of internal organs tissues.

Symptoms of the disease

There are different causes of vasculitis,accordingly, the signs of the disease may also be different. For example, with systemic disease, temperature changes occur with jumps (low to fairly high). There are also pallor and myalgia. Skin types of the disease are associated with small hemorrhages in the capillaries. Develop violations of the joints and arthritis.

Hemorrhagic vasculitis: causes
If the case is in the kidneys, the disease can causeto nephritis or even a heart attack. Cardiac vasculitis is manifested through ischemic disease, heart attacks or pericarditis. In patients, dyspnea and pain in the heart, sweating. Nodular form of the disease is associated with such symptoms as weight loss, muscle pain, worsening of the psychological state. Finally, vasculitis can be associated with bleeding from the nose, ulcerous formations on the mucous membranes and general weakness. There are also symptoms such as fainting and falling eyesight.

Causes of vasculitis

Disease of an initial degree can arise because of an abnormal reaction of immunity to various factors of influence. In such situations, the vascular walls are damaged by their own immune cells.

Vasculitis: how to treat?
This state can be provokeda variety of viruses and bacteria, allergies or side effects of medications. Predisposition to the disease can also be transmitted genetically. The secondary form arises from the transfer of other diseases or injuries, for example, oncology or skin damage. The causes of vasculitis may be concealed in the transferred scarlet fever, typhus, psoriasis. Background diseases can be such autoimmune processes as reactive arthritis or glomerulonephritis. Stress can also become a source of disease.

Types of disease

To cope with the disease, it is necessary to distinguishonly the symptoms and causes of vasculitis, but also their types. The sizes of the vessels determine such types of diseases as capillaryitis, arteriolitis, phlebitis, arteritis and systemic vasculitis. Primary and secondary forms can also be distinguished. The causes of vasculitis divide the disease into types such as Kawasaki disease, giant cell arteritis, mixed form, nodular periarthritis, hemorrhagic vasculitis, Wegener's granulomatosis, allergic form, nonspecific aortoarteritis and micropolyangiitis. Depending on the specific type, the treatment required in such a situation is also determined.

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