Shin bone: trauma, symptoms, treatment
The shin is two long tubular bones of differentthickness. The tibia is located medially, and the peroneal bone is lateral. The tibia with the knee joint is attached to the femur.
Most often, a fracture of the bones of the lower leg is accompanied by damage to the fibula and tibia. Less often the shin bone breaks down in isolated areas.
Fracture of lower leg bone
Often the cause of a fracture of the fibulashin is a direct injury, applied to the bone located on the outside of the leg. But this kind of fracture is less common than, for example, fracture of the tibia. This type of injury can be caused by indirect exposure.
When the tibia of the tibia breaks, the fragments do not scatter over a large distance. The fibula retains them tightly at the injured area.
Fracture of tibia of lower legis accompanied by a displacement at an angle. However, there is a high probability that the fragments of the injured bone will shift in width. In such cases, their final location may be different.
The shin bone is also susceptible to a double fracture: most often this occurs with an indirect trauma.
Symptoms of the disease
Recognize the symptoms of bone fracture of the hip, lower legand so on is very simple. The main characteristic of the injury is severe pain in the fracture region. After a while on the damaged leg area there is swelling, and the skin color changes. To address to the traumatologist better in the shortest possible time, as a fracture can be accompanied by an open wound or crepitus.
A patient who has a broken leg bone is notcan independently rise to his feet. Each movement of the injured limb is accompanied by splashes of pain. The damaged leg visually appears shorter.
When the fracture of the leg is often injuredperoneal nerve. In this case, the foot hangs down, it is impossible to imagine even the slightest movement. The injured area becomes immune to external stimuli.
Also, if the bone is fractured, the vessels may be damaged. The sign of the vessel's injury is the pale skin that gives off in blue.
In cases where both bones were brokenthe patient feels severe pain in the injured area. The shin is deformed, the skin acquires a blue tint. In a short period the leg swells and loses mobility.
But what if the shin bone hurts? First, you need to contact the trauma center as soon as possible. The specialist will provide first aid.
Sometimes a fracture of the peroneal or tibia can be diagnosed without additional procedures: X-ray examination, etc.
However, most often to determine the fracture of the fibula, doctors resort to additional equipment. X-ray photographs are performed in two projections: direct and lateral.
Specialists note that it is with the help of an X-ray apparatus that it is possible to determine the exact displacement of the bone and the location of the fragments, and also to reveal the most correct type of treatment.
Treatment of the fracture of the fibula of the lower leg -the simplest and easiest kind of recovery. In most cases, gypsum is applied to the damaged limb, which can be removed after 15-20 days. Doctors say that incomplete recovery after a fracture of the fibula occurs very rarely.
If the tibia was broken or bothbones of the lower leg, then the treatment will be more difficult, and the recovery process will be lengthy. With such fractures, patients are divided into several groups, according to the severity of the trauma, and for each of them an individual type of treatment is prescribed.
Sometimes with a fracture of the bone of the leg of its fragmentsare displaced in such a way that the application of plaster lingeta does not help. In such cases, skeletal traction is necessary. With this procedure, surgical intervention can be prevented. However, this method of treatment has several significant disadvantages: the bones coalesce longer, the patient is prescribed a strict bed rest.
A bruised shin is another type of bone injury. The main symptom of the disease is a lump on the bone of the shin.
A bruise is a trauma that is accompanied bydamage to soft tissues, violation of the skin and its structure. The first symptom of a shin injury is the redness of the skin in the area of injury. Often, after a bruise, a small seal develops on the skin, which does not cause severe pain reactions. However, doctors advise you to contact specialists even in these cases.
Shortly after the injury, a blister is formed on the site of the injury, accompanied by subcutaneous hemorrhages. At this place, a hematoma forms around which the skin swells.
How to treat a lump on the shin?
With a bruise on the lower leg, it is important to contact the traumatologist as soon as possible, who will be able to make a correct diagnosis. However, if this is not possible, it is important to provide first aid.
The person injured must remain in thestate of rest, a cooling compress must be applied to the site of the injury. Cold will help stop internal bleeding and relieve pain. If scratches and abrasions were found at the site of the injury, they should be treated with an antiseptic.
Usually, any disease can be prevented by avoiding risk factors. However, bruises and fractures of the lower leg are traumas that occur accidentally. One can only try to avoid steep descents, falls, etc.