The drug "Nitroxoline". Instructions for use
The drug "Nitroxoline" is available in the form ofround, orange-colored tablets, coated with a shell. Medication belongs to the pharmacotherapeutic group of antimicrobial agents. The active component of the drug is nitroxoline.
Antimicrobial and antiprotozoal propertiesmedication can be used to treat infections of the genitourinary system. The drug "Nitroxoline" selectively suppresses the synthesis of bacterial DNA, forms complexes with metal-containing enzymes. Thus, the drug exhibits activity against bacteria, both gram-negative and gram-positive.
As a result of individual studies, the efficacy of the drug has been established in the absence of a therapeutic result from the use of other antimicrobial agents.
The drug "Nitroxoline". Instructions. Appointment
The drug is indicated for infectionsurinary tract and kidneys, provoked by bacteria sensitive to the active ingredient of the drug. They include prostatitis, epididymitis, urethritis, pyelonephritis, cystitis.
Nitroxoline instructions recommendUse as a prophylactic in the postoperative period after interventions in the genitourinary system, kidneys, as well as to prevent complications in medical and diagnostic manipulations (for cystoscopy, catheterization, for example).
The drug "Nitroxoline" instruction recommendstake after or during meals by mouth (orally). The recommended amount of medication per day for adults is 400 mg (four times at 100 mg). If necessary (as agreed with the doctor), the dosage per day may be increased to 600-800 mg, not more. Duration of use is from two to three weeks.
The drug "Nitroxoline" for children from three to five years a day is recommended in a dosage of 200 mg. Patients older than five years - 200-400 mg. The daily dosage is divided into four doses.
With infections of the genitourinary system of chronicThe drug "Nitroxoline" instruction allows you to appoint a repeated two-week course. At the same time, a break is mandatory - two weeks (between courses).
For the prevention of postoperative complications, the drug is recommended in a dose of 100 mg 4 times a day. Duration of application - two to three weeks.
Admission of Nitroxoline may causeallergies (rashes on the skin), dyspeptic reactions (vomiting, nausea). In some cases, there may be a disorder of kidney function, polyneuropathy, headache, ataxia (impaired coordination), paresthesia (numbness), tachycardia. Prolonged use of the drug provokes defeat in the optic nerve, myelopathy, peripheral neuritis. Probable accumulation of active substance can manifest itself in the form of general weakness, vomiting, nausea. As a rule, these phenomena are independently eliminated after stopping the medication.
The drug "Nitroxoline" is notIt is recommended for hypersensitivity to its components and other means of quinoline group, polyneuritis, neuritis, cataract. Contraindications include hepatic, renal failure, deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. The drug "Nitroxoline" during pregnancy and during lactation is also not prescribed.
Throughout therapy, the color of urine may change.
The drug has no effect on the rate of reactions and the ability to concentrate attention.
In clinical practice cases of overdose are not described.
To prevent dyspeptic reactions (nausea, vomiting) is recommended taking with meals.
The use of the drug "Nitroxoline" in young children is carried out only under the supervision of a doctor.
Before using the medication, you need to carefully study the annotation.