Change in blood pressure in a child
The level of blood pressure in a child is noticeablelower than that of an adult. This is due to the good elasticity of the walls of the vessels, the lumen of which is much wider, and with the fact that the capillary network of the baby is larger. In children, the pressure rises gradually, significant changes are noticeable after the first year of life and by seven years.
The norm of arterial pressure in children is:
- in newborns: 66-71 / 55/58;
- by the first year of life: 90-92 / 55-60;
- in adolescence: 100-140 / 70-90.
Closer to adulthood, it becomes the same as in adults.
To indicators of blood pressurecorrespond to reality, you need to be able to measure it correctly. Do it better before lunch, an hour after the active action. The child should be quiet for several minutes, and the procedure itself must be repeated for accuracy several times.
Maintaining blood pressure in a child is normal for the proper functioning of the whole organism. It ensures the supply of oxygen and other nutrients to the blood.
Unfortunately, sometimes there are deviations. The pressure can be either elevated (hypertension) or decreased (hypotension). The causes of such differences at an early age are stresses, adverse environmental conditions, improper diet and excessive enthusiasm for modern technology (when children spend a lot of time at a computer or TV).
Also, the change in blood pressure in a childcan talk about the presence of other diseases. Therefore, parents should closely monitor the health of their children. And with the first deviations immediately show the baby to the doctor who will prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Hypertension in childhood, in contrast to hypotension, is much more frequent. Increased pressure is often found in children prone to fatness. There are two forms of hypertension:
- primary, not having visible appearances;
- secondary, when violations of the internal organs of the child begin.
In the first case, changes in blood pressureare more common in schoolchildren. It is associated with an individual response to various stimuli, which can act different emotions, the presence or, conversely, the complete absence of physical exertion. Hypertension may also be hereditary.
Usually, when the blood pressure rises in the child, he feels well, so, as a rule, complaints from his side do not come.
Hypotension is usually temporary andoften appears after the transfer of a serious disease. It is accompanied by the following symptoms: rapid fatigue, general weakness, headaches, excessive sweating during physical exertion.
If the survey was not foundserious diseases, then increase blood pressure can be a gradual increase in physical activity. Also helps and a cup of coffee, but do not get involved. Medicinal products are used in the presence of headaches and only as prescribed by the doctor.