Prostate cancer, treatment
The prostate gland or prostate is the mostimportant male organ. It is located in such a way that it surrounds the neck of the bladder, as well as the urethra. This small organ (weighing about 28 grams) performs very important functions in the male body. It allows, so to speak, to be a man a man. The functions of the prostate are as follows:
- provides an erection due to prostaglandin produced;
- Produces the secret of the prostate and supports the fertility of sperm and its quality;
- shares the process of urination and ejaculation;
- responsible for urination, correct and complete outflow of urine.
And the problems with this gland can have very serious consequences.
Prostate cancer, causes and symptoms
One of the most common diseases in men -prostate cancer. Treatment of it usually leads to good results if it is started on time. However, the problem is that early detection of prostate cancer is very difficult. It occurs in the early stages with little or no symptoms. Therefore, the disease is often found after the cancer has spread beyond the prostate. Therefore, in a disease such as prostate cancer, treatment is often reduced to surgical intervention because of the asymptomatic course in the initial stage.
There are no direct causes of this disease. However, there are some assumptions about its occurrence. The causes of its appearance are: cell mutations, heredity, changes in the level of certain hormones in the blood, unfavorable environment and malnutrition (fatty foods), age, tobacco smoking, low levels of vitamin D, etc. urogenital infections, , gonococci. They can cause the growth of cancer cells.
Symptoms of the disease are:
- frequent urination or urge to it;
- pain when urinating;
- urinary incontinence;
- feeling of incompleteness when emptying the bladder;
- difficulty urinating;
- painful ejaculation
- blood in the urine;
Often painful feelings arise even whenmetastases. Therefore, for men over the age of 40, it is necessary to conduct a diagnostic examination to detect a disease such as prostate cancer. The treatment and outcome will depend to a large extent on the timeliness of its detection. When prostate cancer is detected, the operation is most often already shown.
Most often and primarily for diagnosisthe rectal method is used. In the anus, the doctor inserts a finger and probes the gland. In determining any changes in its structure, texture and form, tests are made.
A test (PSA) or prostate-specific antigen. To determine it, blood from the vein is taken. The increased content of this antigen can be a sign of an inflammatory disease or cancer.
In addition, it is taken to study a piece of the prostate (biopsy). Under the microscope, the tissues are examined and examined for the presence of malignant cells.
Recent developments of American scientists led tothe fact that a malignant tumor of the prostate in the early stages can be determined by the study of urine based on molecular genetic technology. Computer tomography and ultrasound are also part of the diagnostic methods for determining the disease.
Treatment and him Exodus
Depend on the stage at which prostate cancer is detected. Treatment can be carried out in several ways. The specific method is chosen depending on the stage and on the basis of all studies.
- Surgical. It is the removal of the gland.
- Radiation therapy. The effect of X-rays on cancer cells with the aim of destroying them.
- Cold impact.
- Hormonal and treatment with chemotherapy.
Adequate and timely treatmentfavorable outcome of the disease. Based on the above, men should carefully consider their health and in time to undergo the necessary examinations.