Horse chestnut: application in medicine
Chestnut horse is a tall, powerful deciduous tree up to 30 meters or more in height, with a thick and dense crown, yellowish white or white flowers collected in bunches 20-30 cm in length.
The native land of this tree is the southern part of the Balkans. And in Europe it has been grown since the 16th century.
Procurement for medicinal purposes
For medical purposes, fruits and seeds are usedfor alcohol, oil and high-quality starch, bark, leaves, seed peel and chestnut flowers - for making medicines. Seeds and their peel are harvested in autumn, the leaves are from May to September (before yellowing), the bark in the spring, and the flowers in May, during the flowering period. Raw materials must dry well.
In medicine, horse chestnut has found its application due to its rich chemical composition and medicinal properties.
In all parts of the chestnut, manyuseful substances. Its flowers contain tannins, guanine, glycosides, flavonoids, quercetin, rutin, saponins, pectins, sugars, escin, choline, uric acid, adenine, adenosine, mucus.
In the cortex there are glycosides (esculin, esculetin, escin), saponins, allantoin, fatty oil, ascorbic acid, thiamine, phytosterol, quercetin, tannins, sugars, phytosterols.
In fruits (seeds) - fatty oil, starch,saponins, escin glycosides and esculin, tannins, protein, sugar, protein substances, ascorbic acid, tannins, arginine, bitterness, vitamin K and group B.
The leaves contain carotenoids, flavonoids (quercetin, isokvertsitrin), tannins, rutin.
Useful properties of all parts of horse chestnut
In folk medicine horse chestnut applicationfound extensive because of its useful properties. Decoctions and infusions of the cortex have analgesic, astringent, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic and anticonvulsant effects. Infusions of flowers have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, seeds - anti-inflammatory, and peel of seeds - hemostatic, anti-inflammatory and analgesic.
Horse chestnut treatment
Broths from the bark of the tree are used aseffective internal and external means for hemorrhoids with bleeding, chronic inflammatory bowel diseases (including with increased acidity and diarrhea), diseases of the liver, spleen, gall bladder, respiratory tract, edema, runny nose with inflammation of the mucous membrane, malaria, anemia, bronchitis, tuberculosis, for the removal of inflammatory processes and spasms of blood vessels, to improve digestion. In addition, decoction from the bark used as a hemostatic in the case of internal bleeding, especially uterine, as well as a good remedy for neuralgia, rheumatism, sciatica and gout.
Horse chestnut application found and in the form of juice fromfresh flowers. It is recommended to take when swollen and inflamed hemorrhoids and knots, with hemorrhoidal pains, atherosclerosis, trophic ulcers of the legs. In addition, it is able to heal horse chestnut varicose veins, as well as to eliminate extensions and thrombosis of veins on the legs.
Preparations based on fruits of this kind of chestnuthave a beneficial effect on the protein composition of our blood, well reduce its coagulability and are used to treat vascular diseases. Also these drugs dilate the arteries, strengthen the capillary vessels, used in the treatment of patients with high blood pressure, capillary bleeding, hemorrhagic diathesis, and also for the prevention of bleeding in hypertension. Drugs with fruits of horse chestnut use in varicose veins, venous leg ulcers, acute and chronic thrombophlebitis, disturbance of peripheral blood circulation (arthritis, small vessel thrombosis or arteriosclerosis limbs), non-bleeding visible inflammations of hemorrhoids, to reduce edema. Fresh fruits - malaria and chronic diarrhea, and fried - with or uterine bleeding hemorrhoids.
Infusion of alcohol from finely chopped fruits is applied externally with a gout for lubricating joints.
Horse chestnut application is also found for treatmentdiseases of intimate areas of both sexes. The skin of the fruit after boiling is used by women with whitening for syringing, and the extract from chestnut crusts removes inflammation of the prostate gland in men.
Infusion of chestnut leaves and decoction of dry nutsrecommended for inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract, leaves in the fresh form - an excellent remedy for whooping cough. Bark and chestnut fruits are successfully used for diseases of the digestive tract associated with kidney diseases edema, with nosebleeds.
Infusion of bark, seeds and flowers is used as an astringent and antipyretic for the treatment of rheumatic diseases.
Powder from seeds is taken for colds.
Tinctures and broths from flowers of horse chestnut (onvodka or alcohol) are rubbed with arthritic, rheumatic and gouty pains, they are used inside them for liver and heart diseases, for anemia, gastritis, dyspnea, pulmonary tuberculosis.
Preparations based on horse chestnut applyshould only be under the supervision of the doctor and its schemes and dosages, with mandatory control of blood coagulability. Contraindicated horse chestnut with hypotension, low blood viscosity and pregnancy.