Otitis: Symptoms and Species
Inflammatory process of the ear - not so raredisease. If a person develops otitis, symptoms can be detected immediately - first of all, it is soreness inside or outside the ear, congestion, purulent discharge, noise, headache, temperature. Otitis can develop against the background of untreated tonsillitis, laryngitis, pharyngitis, sinusitis, when entering the infection through non-sterile objects, which cleansed the ears. Also, inflammation of the ear can result in swimming (and especially diving) in muddy water bodies.
Types of otitis
Otitis externa occurs in people with differentage category. Inflammation begins in the external auditory canal and can be caused by minor injuries (for example, when cleaning the ears with a sharp object), fungal or bacterial infection, and a number of other causes. When the diagnosis of otitis externa, the symptoms are the following: severe pain, sometimes swelling, itching, the external passage of the ear begins to moisten, thereby forming non-healing crusts.
Middle otitis media - inflammatory process of secondaryear, accompanied by severe pain syndrome. In contrast to the external, the causes of otitis media can be completely different, up to the tumor-like formations of the internal organs. In such a situation, you need to undergo a thorough examination to identify the cause of the ailment.
This disease affects children more often -provoke an otitis media virus and bacterial infections. In some cases, the diseases of the nasopharynx give complications to the auditory tubes, they clog, there is edema, their primary function is equalizing the pressure inside the hearing aid, so the patient feels constant congestion and pain in the ear. The second way of transmission of infection is meningogenic and traumatic. The third rarest is infection through the blood.
In turn, the average otitis is divided intoseveral types: acute and exudative. The first type is caused by various infections (both viral and bacterial), affecting the throat, nose and respiratory tract. When diagnosed with acute otitis symptoms are the following: pain, a feeling of stuffiness in the ear, discomfort. Treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor and only after examination, because this disease can be provoked by various pathogens.
Viral otitis is treated with antiviral,anti-inflammatory drugs, bacterial only antibiotics, if not start treatment, pus can break through the membrane and provoke purulent mastoiditis or worse - otogenic meningitis (inflammation of the brain).
The second type is exudative (serous) otitis media. Occurs as a result of occlusion of the auditory tube, thus the pressure in the eardrum decreases, the cause may be a viral or bacterial infection. When diagnosed exudative otitis symptoms at first can be absent, and only after a certain time (week, month) the fluid in the tympanic cavity is condensed - this leads to the development of hearing loss. In this case, the treatment is surgical.
Chronic purulent otitis is an infectiousdisease, there are two forms: complicated and uncomplicated. Purulent chronic otitis, symptoms: purulent discharge from the ear, hearing impairment, tinnitus, nausea, dizziness. The uncomplicated form passes paroxysmatically, if the remission lasts more than six months, this patient is offered miringoplasty. To avoid the progression of the disease, the patient must comply with hygiene rules:
- when bathing, cover the ears with cotton wool soaked in vegetable oil;
- be careful of ARI, ARVI, eat more vitamin C to strengthen immunity, especially during colds.
With timely treatment, the prognosis is favorable. However, if pus accumulates inside the ear, it can cause hearing loss, as well as the possible development of other complications.
Treatment of chronic otitis media
With pronounced manifestations - pain,suppuration - antibiotics are used, in the period of remission of the disease (remission) antiseptic drugs are prescribed. A good result is laser therapy, but it has contraindications: ear polyps, intracranial diseases.