Causes, symptoms and treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis
Cases of hemorrhagic cystitis quite oftenare found in modern medical practice. This disease is nothing more than an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the bladder, which is accompanied by the release of a large amount of blood, and sometimes even large blood clots. It is worth noting that such a disease is extremely dangerous, since it is fraught not only with blood loss, but also with obstruction of the urinary tract.
Hemorrhagic cystitis: causes
Of course, the cause of the disease can be eitherbacterial, and fungal infection. But in most cases, the causative agent is one or another form of virus. Much less often the inflammatory process occurs as a result of taking certain medicinal substances. In addition, the cause of hemorrhagic cystitis can be severe exposure of the genitourinary system.
There are also some risk factors that increase the likelihood of such a disease. To such it is possible to carry:
- Weakened immunity, because in such a state the human body simply can not fight the infection.
- Non-compliance with personal hygiene.
- Overexertion of the muscular tissues of the bladder,which leads to a violation of normal blood circulation. People with this problem often encounter who often have to ignore the urge to go to the toilet.
- Disturbances of innervation of the bladder.
- Violation of the normal outflow of urine, which is often observed with inflammation of the prostate, the presence of tumors, narrowing of the urethra or the presence of foreign objects in the lumen of the urinary canal.
Hemorrhagic cystitis: symptoms of the disease
In this case, the clinical picture resemblesordinary cystitis. Patients complain of discomfort and soreness in the lower abdomen, and during urination pain becomes almost intolerable. Attempts to empty the bladder become more frequent - for a day they can be up to 40 and even more. But during urination, only a small amount of urine will be released.
The main difference is the presence of blood in the urine,which acquires a pinkish, and sometimes a bright red color. Along with this, there are common signs of inflammation. The fever, weakness, dizziness, lack of appetite are also symptoms of hemorrhagic cystitis.
In no case can one ignore the diseaseor attempt self-treatment. First, the constant loss of blood is fraught with the development of severe anemia. Secondly, with the further development of the disease, it begins to secrete fairly large blood clots that can easily block the urethra.
Treatment of hemorrhagic cystitis
Undoubtedly, first of all the doctor is obligedto find out what caused the hemorrhagic inflammation. If it is a bacterial infection, then, naturally, therapy with antibiotics is carried out. But, as already mentioned, the cause most often are viruses, so patients are prescribed immunomodulating and antiviral drugs.
In addition, you need to take medication that normalizes blood circulation. Patients also take iron supplements that treat or prevent the development of anemia.
If there are large clots in the urinary cavityThe bladder is carried out by its surgical irrigation with the help of sterile water or saline solution. Some preparations of plant origin, in particular, "Kanefron", which gently regulates the urinary system, will also be useful.