Ingrown toenails: causes, symptoms, treatment
When the edges of the nails grow into soft flesh,there is such a disease as ingrown toenails. As a result, there are swelling, redness, pain, and sometimes there is an infection. Usually an ingrown nail appears on the big toe.
Causes and Symptoms
Ingrown toenails, if left untreated, cancause infection and lead to severe bone infection. Complications risk being especially serious if you have diabetes, as the circulation of the legs may be impaired. Because of this, any relatively minor injuries - cuts, bone calluses, ingrown nails - do not heal and can lead to infection. Open wounds and ulcers may require surgical intervention to prevent gangrene - decay and tissue loss as a result of interruption of blood flow.
Diagnosis and treatment
- Lifting the nail. If the nail is slightly grown in soft flesh, the doctor can place a cotton cloth, a tire or a waxed dental floss under the edge to protect the nail from contact with the skin. This allows him to grow over the covers and not grow into them.
- Partial removal of the nail. In more severe cases, the doctor may cut or remove part of the ingrown nail. Before the procedure, anesthesia can be used.
- Removal of the nail and nail bed. Chemical or laser treatment of ingrown nails consists in removing part of the nail along with a layer of connective tissue under the nail plate.
The doctor may also recommend using oral antibiotics to treat this ailment, especially if there is a risk of infection.
- Keep feet in warm water for fifteen minutes twice or thrice a day. This relieves swelling and reduces sensitivity.
- After each soaking in water place underingrown nail waxed dental floss or a piece of cotton. This will help the nail to rise above the skin level. Do the procedure daily until redness and pain subsided.
- Apply ointment with an antibiotic (which the doctor prescribed to you) on the affected area, then make her bandage.
- Until the condition improves, wear shoes with an open nose.
- If the condition is accompanied by severe pain, take pain medications. </ ul </ p>