Types of arrhythmias. Sinus arrhythmia in the child
Sad, but children can also suffer from illnessesheart. One such is cardiac arrhythmia. Arrhythmia in children appears in different ages. She can get sick even the smallest babies or newborns. Arrhythmia of the heart appears in three cases: 1) congenital arrhythmia, 2) hereditary arrhythmia, 3) acquired arrhythmia. Sinus arrhythmia in the child may appear at different stages of development. As a result, the child's heart is affected.
If intrauterine development has produced a "failure" inthe child will suffer congenital arrhythmia of the heart. This is exactly the congenital heart disease. Sinus arrhythmia in children is not so rare and a rare disease, as it may seem at first glance.
Sometimes the appearance of arrhythmia is associated withfunctional disorders of the nervous system, for example, when the child had an overabundance of emotional stress. With vegeto-vascular dystonia, this disease can also occur. It appears in the form of myocarditis, but sometimes under the guise of other diseases associated with the heart. In order for the heart to work at an appropriate level, you need to undergo a comprehensive treatment.
Despite the fact that the child was always healthy andThere were no signs of problems related to the heart, he may have arrhythmia. Provocators of the disease can be a variety of factors, ranging from ecology and ending with physical exertion.
What is, in fact, sinus arrhythmia inchild, and how is it manifested? First of all, this is a violation in the work of the heart: the heart rate, their sequence and strength are disturbed. During the appearance of arrhythmia, the child is disrupted one of the 4 heart functions: 1) conduction, 2) excitability, 3) contractility, 4) automatism.
During the violation of the function of automatism,there are changes in the number of pulses. Since they are born in the sinus node, they fall into a role in an even and clear order to monitor the impulses. If such a failure occurs, then the underlying systems become the conductors of these rhythms. During the violation of automatism, the children have an increase or contraction of the heart. Sinus arrhythmia in a child can almost completely change the work of the baby's heart.
The following types of arrhythmia are: sinus tachycardia and sinus bradycardia.
Sinus tachycardia. During sinus tachycardia, heart contractions increase, which are born in the sinus node. Its origin is associated with the appearance of a reaction that is caused by myocarditis. But the causes of its occurrence may be different.
Sinus arrhythmia in a child can arise and for such reasons as intoxication of the body, infection, rheumatic carditis or oxygen deficiency.
The rhythms of the heart can besympathetic influence on the heart. They will be the first to affect the vagus nerve, which, in turn, has an effect on the neurogenic and functional tachycardia.
If a child has thyrotoxicosis, he will also beis associated with the appearance of tachycardia. The relationship between them in hormonal changes. Tachycardia can appear in a child and during a fever, with psychological and emotional arousal, intoxication is also the initiator of arrhythmia.
Sinus bradycardia. With the advent of sinus bradycardia, the number of heartbeats begins to decrease. It arises because of the influence on the sinus node. If the child has a psychoemotional agitation, the bradycardia begins to manifest itself more strongly.
Sinus arrhythmia in the child appears due to the disease of tuberculosis or intracardiac pressure, with the appearance of a brain tumor and encephalitis.
Conclusion one: closely monitor your child's health, check with a doctor, and everything will be fine.