Internal and external otitis in the child, treatment
Otitis - an inflammatory disease of the organ of hearing;most often - the middle ear located behind the tympanic membrane (an auditory tube running from the nasopharynx opens into its inner cavity). Less commonly, the outer ear, which consists of the auricle and auditory cancus, is inflamed.
External otitis media
The external auditory meatus in children is short,Slit and taper, which facilitates the easy spread of bacteria. When infection of scratches and microtraumas of the ear canal (they appear due to scratching, playing, cleaning the ears, etc.), external otitis develops. The child's symptoms will be quite typical: fever up to 39 degrees, intoxication, reddening of the skin of the ear, puffiness and narrowing of the auditory opening, the allocation of translucent fluid. Similar manifestations can also occur with an internal furuncle (this condition can be suspected with an increase in parotid lymph nodes, severe pain during chewing).
Internal otitis media
In the middle ear, acute otitis in children occursquite often due to a number of anatomical features inherent in the period of newborn and early age. First of all, the auditory (or, as it is also called, the eustachian) pipe for young children is broad and short. Because of this microorganisms, the smallest pieces of food and fluids very easily come from the nasopharynx into the middle ear, causing inflammation. The second point is that in the infants the drum cavity is filled with a special jelly-like tissue, which gradually resolves, but at the same time additional internal chambers (cavities) are formed in which the infection "successfully" develops. With age, these anatomical features disappear, and the risk of otitis is reduced. Inflammation of the middle ear will also give fever and intoxication, less often - there will be clear or purulent discharge from the ear (in the latter case, trouble has already occurred, since the baby has an opening in the tympanic membrane). If
Treatment of otitis media
The first action with otitis symptoms is a doctor's call. With early and timely treatment for medical care, it is usually possible to cure the baby without unpleasant manipulations and with the use of a minimum amount of medication. If otitis externa developed in a child, the treatment will consist of local remedies (ointments, balms, including antiseptic), less often antibiotics.
In case of inflammation of the middle ear, antibiotics (tableted or in the form of syrups) will be prescribed in any case. Pain will be removed with the help of
anti-inflammatory drugs, and passabilityauditory tube restored vasoconstrictor drops. If purulent otitis develops, the child's treatment will necessarily include injectable antibiotics, a special ear toilet antiseptic, the removal of pus by turundas and other unpleasant manipulations. In the complex treatment of catarrhal (nonsusular) otitis successfully apply dry heat (blue lamp), semi-alcohol compresses, later - physiotherapy (UHF, UFO, etc.). However, we must clearly understand that one can not cure otitis with compresses and warming up! But "to sit down" to purulent inflammation can be very simple.
If otitis in the child has developed, treatment should beappoint a doctor, regardless of the form, cause and severity of the disease. "Traditional medicine" and self-medication can quickly lead to serious complications, up to the inflammation of the meninges.