Rheumatoid Arthritis: Causes, Treatment
Like other diseases, rheumatoid arthritis,the reasons for the occurrence of which have not been fully clarified, has its initial features. The earlier this disease is recognized, the more effective its therapy will be. Initial signs of rheumatoid arthritis: swelling; arthralgia (pain when moving, and then at rest); stiffness of movements in the morning; violation of brush functions; deformation of the joints; dislocations; ankylosis; contracture. There are general symptoms of this disease, which include: intoxication, fever, rheumatoid vasculitis, enlarged lymph nodes of the liver, spleen, kidney, heart, lungs, eyes, anemia. The above symptoms can be expressed in different degrees.
What else is remarkable about rheumatoid arthritis? The causes of this disease are different, therefore, physicians distinguish seropositive (characterized by a positive rheumatoid factor, characterized by antiglobulin antibodies / immunoglobulins) and a seronegative type of disease. Antibodies are detected in serum. Any x-ray changes in this disease are delayed compared to the clinic.
How is rheumatoid arthritis treated? The case history of each patient confirms that the best therapeutic effect can be achieved in the early stages of the disease. At this stage, the patient is ultrasound, scintigraphy, magnetic resonance therapy. At the initial stages, treatment with anti-inflammatory non-steroidal drugs, corticosteroids (via intra-articular administration) is prescribed. Patients with rheumatoid vasculitis corticosteroids are prescribed inside. With the progression of the disease, drugs "Penicillamine" and "Hingamin" are prescribed; immunosuppressants; preparations of gold; physiotherapy. In extreme cases, a surgical intervention is prescribed (synovectomy - at an early stage of the disease, reconstructive-reconstructive surgery and endoprosthetics - in the late stages).
Some people have to this diseasegenetic predisposition. Rheumatoid arthritis, the causes of which in most cases remain not always clear, women are hit 3 times more often than men. Most often, the progression of the disease begins at 25 and lasts up to 50 years, although there have been cases of its appearance at another age. Treatment of this disease in 75% of patients leads to a reduction in the intensity of symptoms. In 10% of patients, rheumatoid arthritis results in disability.