Causes and symptoms of mastitis: where does the disease come from?
Mastitis is an inflammation of the milkgland, which leads to suppuration. This disease affects all women from 14 to 50 years. Most often, the disease manifests itself in nursing mothers, less often in pregnant women. In rare cases, it occurs in newborns. Most mastitis is manifested in the postpartum period and during puberty. Scientists and now can not determine why some women are exposed to mastitis, while others do not.
Mastitis and its causes
Mastitis pathogens are bacteria that predominateon the skin of each person (staphylococcus, E. coli, streptococcus). The causes of mastitis are a bacterial infection that is formed on the background of milk stagnation or is caught through nipple cracks, or other breasts (scratches or abrasions). Infection penetrated into the mammary gland enters the connective tissue, which causes inflammation.
In general, mastitis begins to develop afterprolonged lactose (milk stagnation), which is a favorable breeding ground for bacteria. Developing, the infection provokes inflammation and suppuration.
How does the inflammation of the breast?
A woman feels a general malaise, an increase in body temperature, a tightening that provokes redness and pain in the mammary gland. The nipples swell considerably and cracks form on them.
How are mastitis distinguished?
There is a classification of mastitis that allowsdistribute the disease according to certain criteria. In the course of the inflammatory process, mastitis is divided into: purulent, serous, abscessing, infiltrative, phlegmonous and gangrenous type.
Purulent, serous and infiltrative mastitis refer to sequential stages of the disease, starting from the development of a small compaction to the formation of a purulent process.
With abscessor mastitis occursspreading in the breast tissues of purulent inflammation. With prolonged illness, gangrenous mastitis occurs. In addition, mastitis of newborns and postpartum mastitis are isolated.
Signs of mastitis
Postpartum mastitis is a frequent phenomenon caused bythe development of lactose in nursing mothers. In this case, the following symptoms of mastitis are manifested: noticeable densification, redness of the chest, increased body temperature and manifestation of common signs of intoxication. With the progression of the disease, the symptoms of mastitis are worse: the chest becomes hot and swollen. When expressing and feeding, painful sensations arise, and in the milk purulent discharge and blood can be detected.
Plasma cellulitis mastitis - quite rare disease, manifested against the background of cessation of lactation. Symptoms of mastitis are the infiltration of tissue cells, leading to hyperplasia of the outflow ducts.
Mastitis of newborns is manifested by swellingmammary glands. Usually, this phenomenon occurs as a result of the residual action of the maternal sex hormones. When a purulent inflammation occurs, a surgical sanction is performed. In most cases, the symptoms of mastitis go through 2 days.
Diagnosis of mastitis
The doctor determines the outbreak of inflammation when palpating. Ultrasound examination of the breast can determine the presence of inflammation and its scale. For completeness of the diagnostic picture, the doctor can take on bacteriological tests milk from the affected gland.
Treatment of mastitis
It is recommended to start treatment immediately. At the first stage of the disease, warm compresses will be most effective.
Compress of fat. It is recommended to apply at night to the breast gland slices of salted fat.
Compress is fast. Mix 1 table. lies. honey, unsalted butter and tar. Put the compress on your chest. But the next day, apply a compress of camphor oil. And so alternate up to 2 weeks.
Compress from the mother-and-stepmother. On the tumor, apply the resulting gruel from the plant.
If after 3 days after the done compresses you have not achieved improvement, then you should consult a doctor.
And the last thing I would like to drawattention, these are preventive measures that every young mother must perform. Do not let a child suck his breasts for comfort, otherwise the risk of developing cracks is large enough. Express the remaining milk (which is especially important in the first weeks of the baby's life) and observe the rules of hygiene. Remember, with the timely detection of foci of infection, the chances for a speedy recovery are quite large.