Viral pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, which is caused by a virus. Can be one- or two-sided. Before the discovery of penicillin, this disease was considered fatal.
Modern medicine, of course, keeps pace with the times, but nevertheless, about five percent of the sick die every year from pneumonia.
In general, viral pneumonia is transmittedairborne droplets. Immediate contact with the patient will ensure the origin of the disease in a healthy body. In other cases, the disease develops because of the over-activity of bacteria that are present in the nose and mouth. Weakening of immunity also contributes to the disease.
Symptoms of pneumonia are very different. Among the latter cases, there is an increasing occurrence of the disease without any visible manifestations. Therefore, cases of lethal outcome became more frequent. The inability to identify the disease at an early stage and prescribe a treatment determines an unfavorable outcome.
But usually pneumonia is accompanied by increasedtemperature, shortness of breath, sputum, chills and cough. Less often the disease is accompanied by bloody discharge, that is, blood streaks that are structured in sputum. Often a patient may complain of pain in the chest when inhaling or exhaling. Usually, pain sensations characterize the pleural form of pneumonia.
Viral pneumonia, the symptoms of which are notwill necessarily appear in the form of a cough, especially dangerous for children. Kids lose their appetite, become lethargic. Often (with cyanosis) there is a change in skin color, headaches, loss of consciousness or fever.
Diagnosis of the disease is carried out with the help ofspecial equipment. Upon examination, the doctor can hear wheezing in the patient's chest and prescribe a fluoroscopy in order to confirm or refute the suspicions of pneumonia. In the picture, the focus of inflammation will be clearly visible, due to which the treatment will be prescribed precisely.
Bronchoscopy examines the bronchipatient. A thin tube is inserted by the doctor through the patient's mouth or nose. The video will accurately show the amount of accumulated liquid. With such a course of the disease, a puncture of the lungs is prescribed, which allows you to remove the liquid through a thin tube.
Preventive vaccinations are given to children and adults, for example, from pneumococcal infection.
Viral pneumonia, which caused adenoviruses,rhinoviruses, influenza and parainfluenza viruses, do not rely too much on antibiotics alone, because they do not give the proper effect. The doctor prescribes the appropriate antiviral drug.
In cases of histoplasmosis, blastomycosis, aspergillosis or cryptococcosis, that is, in fungal diseases of the respiratory organs, a drug that acts on one or another kind of fungus is used.
Viral pneumonia, the treatment of which involvesbeing in a hospital, especially with intensive development, can cause a number of complications. Therefore, independent treatment without consulting a doctor can cost a patient a life.
After the disease recedes, and the patientReturn home, followed by a rehabilitation period. To this end, it is good to stay in a sanatorium or a resort area, beneficially influenced by trips to the sea with its iodinated air.
In addition, viral pneumonia involvesspecial diet. Folk remedies can serve as additional weapons in the fight against this disease, but not as independent weapons. Proper nutrition will contribute to the early recovery of the immune system, which, in turn, will help the body to gain strength faster. The necessary vitamins, micro- and macronutrients will restore the immune balance of the body.