Astigmatism in children: concept and treatment
Astigmatism is an optical defectthe visual apparatus, when several optical foci are projected in the eyeball or none. As a result, the image is deformed, becomes vague (fuzzy). In most cases, astigmatism in children is a congenital disease. If one of the parents has a similar problem, then the probability of its appearance in the child increases.
This disease can be present whenmyopia and hyperopia, sometimes occurs in a mixed form. If we mentally divide the diseased eye into several planes, it turns out that the refraction in the planes will be different. In a healthy eyeball, this should not be, i.e. the refraction should be the same.
Astigmatism in children may appear as a result ofsurgical intervention or in connection with eye trauma. According to statistics, this disease is considered the most common type of violation of refraction of the eye apparatus. Depending on the degree of severity, appropriate treatment is prescribed.
For newborns and children up to a year may occura small astigmatism that goes by the age of 8. But it happens that children's astigmatism is recognized too late and amblyopia or strabismus develops. Little children are unaware of the low level of their vision, thinking that everyone around them sees the world in a similar way.
Therefore parents should drive in a timely mannerhis baby at the reception to the oculist, in time to identify the astigmatism of the eyes and begin treatment. In adolescence, schoolchildren come to a specialist with complaints of headaches, fatigue, painful sensations in the eye area when reading.
How do children with astigmatism see it?
If, with myopia, a person sees well onclose range, then with farsightedness - far. Unlike these eye diseases with astigmatism, vision is equally weak that in the distance that is near (objects are distorted, stretched and displayed indistinctly).
Sometimes the disease is combined with hyperopiaor myopia, respectively, low quality of vision is further aggravated. It should be noted that any diseases of the visual apparatus have a negative impact on the development of the child, because the correct perception of images is far from the last value in this process.
Astigmatism in children - treatment methods
If a child has astigmatism,immediately begin treatment in order to prevent the disease from moving into a more severe phase of development. Treatment is carried out with the help of special glasses with spherical lenses. With a sufficiently pronounced degree of disease, contact lenses are put on the cornea of the eye.
To correct the disease, children are selectedindividual cylindrical glasses that must be worn regularly. A small child is difficult to force to walk in glasses, so parents should play the game in the form required. And teenagers are often embarrassed and shy of their new kind. In this case, the child should conduct conversations and select not only the words needed, but also the frame of the form that the child likes.
In addition to points, will benefitphysiotherapy procedures, they are usually prescribed by an ophthalmologist. Such procedures should be conducted regularly and courses. Only strict adherence to all the recommendations of the doctor: a visit at the agreed time, wearing specialized glasses - is the key to a successful vision correction.
Astigmatism in children, especially at an early age,easy to treat. A kid suffering from this disease can attend a specialized kindergarten. It is in such preschool institutions that caregivers ensure that the child regularly wears glasses.
Usually in such gardens differentprocedures that enhance vision. But to completely eliminate astigmatism in children can only be a surgical method. It's all about the optical system of the eyeball, and this can not be changed by glasses or procedures.