How enterovirus meningitis manifests: symptoms in children
The disease manifests itself in the form of inflammation of the membranebrain and spinal cord. Enterovirus meningitis, whose symptoms we will consider today, is called "serous". It is the most common form of CNS damage by Coxsackie A, Coxsackie B viruses and enteroviruses.
Due to the fact that meningitis is very highthe degree of infectiousness, outbreaks are possible. Usually similar is observed in the spring and summer periods. And most of all, children from 5 to 9 years old who live in cities and visit children's institutions are infected.
How does enteroviral meningitis occur: symptoms in children
Disputed disease is transmitted through dirty hands, water, food, at the time of coughing, sneezing or just talking with the patient.
The most common signs of meningitis include the following:
- the temperature rises to 40 ° C;
- there are desires for vomiting;
- the child's appetite is lost;
- the chair becomes liquid;
- in the muscles there are painful sensations;
- shows photophobia and acute reaction to any stimuli;
- The mucous membranes of the pharynx become inflamed.
The main signal for the presence of meningitis isthe so-called rigidity of the occipital muscles, that is, the patient can not tilt his head to his chest. When trying to do this, the baby's legs are reflexively flexed in the knees.
Enterovirus rash (exanthema)
At some children at the given disease on a skin small maroon rashes were found out. As a rule, they were accompanied by sleep disturbances, a runny nose and increased anxiety of the child.
The rash in meningitis in children often resemblesrubella and can appear, for example, only on soles, palms, in the mouth, etc. As a rule, this phenomenon occurs on its own about 5 days after the onset of the disease.
If the course of this infection is of a mild nature, the disease quickly proceeds and ends with complete recovery, without complications and residual effects.
How meningitis develops in infants
Meningitis in infants is not only manifestedlisted above signs (they, by the way, can be erased) and rigidity of muscles: the fontanel at children, sick of a meningitis, becomes convex, vybuhaet.
Generally, two-three-month-old babies are a specialrisk group for this disease, since CNS involvement by enterovirus at this age is part of a common systemic disease. With it, the liver, heart, GIT, vessels are affected. A condition resembling bacterial sepsis may develop.
But some children have a fatal outcomenot with CNS damage, but with liver failure developed in the course of disease (with the defeat of the ECHO virus) or myocarditis (with Coxsackie viruses).
Is enteroviral meningitis dangerous?
Symptoms in children with viral and bacterialmeningitis are similar. But be aware that the least favorable prognosis may be in a purulent (bacterial) infection, but not in a viral infection, since the first variety is caused by meningococcus and is a severe disease.
It can be prevented by vaccination, however, it must be remembered that it helps only from bacteria, there is no vaccine against the virus.
At untimely begun treatment the inflammatorythe process sometimes affects the substance of the brain, and then enterovirus meningitis can become life-threatening. Symptoms in children, discovered by you, is an occasion to urgently consult a doctor!