Severe palpitations (causes and consequences)
Every year more and more peoplecomplains of a strong heartbeat, whose causes can only be determined by a comprehensive examination. What is this phenomenon and how to deal with it?
A strong heartbeat can be caused byvarious factors. The most frequent causes of its occurrence are failures in the work of the nervous vegetative system, which is responsible for the work of the heart. Such heart rhythm disturbances like tachycardia and arrhythmia are the result of failures in the work of this system.
In addition, the cause of rapid heart ratemay be a violation of the thyroid gland, anemia, myocarditis, heart disease. Often a strong sertsebienie caused by disorders of the nervous system, which are accompanied by a stressful condition, internal unrest, fear, turbulent joy, insomnia. Even a joyful state of love adversely affects the work of the heart. If a person often experiences a strong palpitation, the reasons for which he can not understand, he must get a consultation from a cardiologist. Like any other malfunctions in the work of the heart, the increase in its rhythm requires careful examination.
A very unpleasant phenomenon is the strongheart palpitations at night, arising after a sharp awakening. This condition can be caused by a significant increase in diastolic and systolic pressure against a background of pronounced tachycardia. In this phenomenon, the cardiovascular system is "to blame", or the patient has had a vegetative crisis. Such cases of heart palpitations require consultation of a cardiologist and carrying out EchoCG and ECG.
Strong heartbeat is observed after physicalloads, but if within a short time it comes back to normal, there is no cause for concern. If the frequency of cardiac muscle contractions exceeds a hundred beats per minute for a long time, doctors use the term "tachycardia". In this case, the expert establishes two necessary facts:
1. Whether the patient's heart rhythm is uneven or even.
2. How does tachycardia develop: dramatically or gradually.
The gradual appearance of tachycardia most oftenoccurs as a result of the action of physiological regulators, which manifest themselves under strong emotions and physical exercises. Sometimes they can appear and in case the patient has a strong fever, anemia or overactive thyroid. Tachycardia, which occurs unevenly, may indicate that the patient develops a wrong rhythm coming from the atria (upper chambers of the heart). This condition is called ciliary arrhythmia.
Tachycardia starting abruptly, most oftenoccurs because of the occurrence of a short circuit in the systems of internal connections of the heart muscle. During the onset of an attack of this tachycardia, an electric record (ECG) of the heart should be performed, since this record allows the doctor to pinpoint the causes that cause a short circuit and to prescribe the necessary treatment methods.
In many clinical cases, a strongthe palpitation revealed on the basis of the patient's understanding of the causes of its appearance and indicating that the person has a normal increase in the frequency of cardiac contractions, will not require therapeutic treatment. In such situations, you need a simple calm and the belief that there is nothing terrible in this.
At the same time, signs of rapid heartbeat,manifested as a result of atrial fibrillation and electrical closure, require a whole course of treatment, because to control these symptoms, you need to reduce the existing risk of adverse complications. There are a number of available therapies that begin with educating a person in basic methods of stopping a pathological episode, and ends with the appointment of certain medications that help prevent and stop these episodes.