What was the name of the first museum opened by Peter the Great? Treasures of the Kunstkammer
Russian Tsar Peter I was a famous collector. Many interesting and unusual things he inherited from his father, but the main wealth, which has survived to this day, he accumulated independently. Today not everyone here so immediately knows how the first museum, opened by Peter the First, was called, but practically everyone knows what the Kunstkammer is. It is in this unusual place that the exhibits are stored, which the great emperor began to search for.
How it all began
In 1704, Peter I signed a decree committing allpeople, primarily merchants traveling in Russia and abroad, to bring to the palace all the unusual things. For all the gimmicks, he promised a good reward. Initially, all the collected exhibits were stored in Moscow, but after the capital of the state became St. Petersburg, the collections were transported there.
What was the name of the first museum opened by PeterThe first was originally unknown. The king long thought over the title, he wanted it to be sonorous, unusual, memorable. In the end, they stopped at the Kunstkamera, which in translation meant "cabinet of rarities".
Exhibits of the museum
The first museum, opened by Peter the First,It was arranged very carefully, for all the collections, the medic-doctor Areskin looked after them. Every now and then, orders were issued to collect various curiosities. People had to bring to the king objects of antiquity, for example, dishes, clothes, weapons, bones, stones. A separate place was given to rare animals, birds, as well as animals with anomalies. It is known that the Kunstkamera once acquired lambs with three and eight eyes, a sheep with two tongues and four eyes.
The name of the first museum opened by PeterThe first was known not only in Russia, but also far beyond its borders. Traders regularly brought the tsar to the overseas curiosities, replenishing his extensive collection. Over the years, the number of items inexorably increased. The Kunstkamera brought valuable archaeological finds: old manuscripts, household items, gold and silver articles, coins. There was also a herbarium, a collection of shells of unusual shapes, a huge number of animals, butterflies, birds. There were parts of the human body. All that aroused surprise or admiration was taken to the first museum opened by Peter 1.
Collections of the Kunstkammer
Peter the Great did a great job of collectingthe whole country and from abroad unusual things. The memory of this is stored not only the walls of the museum, but also the exhibits, because in the Kunstkammer there are many things of the king himself. Initially, only Natur-cabinet was created, in which collections of fauna and flora were kept. Then there appeared the Physical, Muntz, Kunst-cabinets, in which collections of medals, coins, other antiquities were located. After the death of the Emperor, the Imperial Cabinet was created, dedicated to Peter 1.
Of course, during the Tsar's lifetime the museum looked quiteotherwise, but still the restorers and museum staff have tried to fame, bringing the new design to the original version as close as possible. Today, adults and children know the name of the first museum opened by Peter the Great. A great number of collections are kept in the Kunstkamera, and all of them are very interesting for acquaintance and study.