/ / A short analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "On rubbish"

A brief analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "On rubbish"

Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky is one of thefamous poets of the Silver Age. His works have long become classics and have been included in the school curriculum. An analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "About rubbish", which is also included in the curriculum, will be held in this article.

Creativity Mayakovsky

an analysis of the Mayakovsky poem about rubbish
A common feature of Mayakovsky's poetic heritage is the invariable satirical orientation. It is no accident that already at the early stages of his work the poet was published in the journal Satirikon.

Themes and vices gradually changed andThey were transformed, but kept their actuality and fully reflected the spirit of the era. The poet's merciless, mocking laugh invariably hit the mark. Mayakovsky possessed an incredible ability to notice all the ulcers and shortcomings of the surrounding reality and display them parade in an unattractive and ironic form. The poet himself took to heart the flaws of his country and considered it his duty to loudly announce them.

An analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "About rubbish" is an excellent illustration of the satirical talent of the poet.

General analysis plan

Any poem is analyzed according to the traditional general plan, which will be given below:

  • Theme and idea - the main idea of ​​the work is determined.
  • Compositional identity - the structure of the work, the plot, the structure.
  • Images of the main characters.
  • In addition to the above items, expressive means can be considered.

Thus, it is possible to analyze the Mayakovsky poem "On rubbish" as planned.

analysis of the Mayakovsky poem about rubbish according to plan

Analysis of the poem

The poem under consideration, undoubtedly,refers to satire. It was written in 1921 and is an angry protest Mayakovsky against the philistines. This category of people was able not only to survive the revolution, but also to settle well under the new regime, without changing either its values ​​or ideas about the world. As a civil poet and faithful supporter of the revolution, Mayakovsky can not calmly look at a similar ulcer formed in the newly created best and bright world. It was this indignation of the poet that formed the basis of the poem.

So, how to analyze the Mayakovsky poem "Oh rubbish" according to plan? Below we present the analysis of a work performed according to the above structure.

Theme and idea of ​​the poem

an analysis of the Mayakovsky poem about trash in brief
As already noted above, in the centernarratives are philistines. One of their main flaws is the thingism, that is, the desire to possess beautiful and expensive objects. Mayakovsky, with his idealism, can not admit the idea that in the Soviet country people will appreciate only comfort, comfort, prosperity and satiety, neglecting the public duty and service of the new government. The denunciation of philistinism occurs in a rough, harsh and even cruel form.

An analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "On rubbish" can bebegin with the first lines of the work, where the poet makes it clear that the petty bourgeoisie as estate do not displease him: "I do not get caught at the word, I'm not against the philistine class. The philistines without distinction of classes and estates are my glorification. " Another thing - philistine thinking and way of life, consisting in caring only about their prosperity and well-being. It is this type of people who is called a poet "rubbish". They quickly adapted to the new conditions, "the feathers changed," they settled themselves well, taking up high posts "in various institutions." At the same time, they are of no use, since they do not work, but only wipe the backs.

The poet can not reconcile himself to this state of affairs,he angrily and accurately denounces the desire of philistines for wealth, their adaptation. Such people can take away all the changes of meaning, burying the ideas of brotherhood and equality under the heaps of things and a sense of self-worth. That is why in the poem can be heard notes of resentment and irritation of the poet.

Heroes of the poem

an analysis of the Mayakovsky poem about trash is short
An analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "About rubbish" brieflyyou can start with the description of the characters. As such, the lyrical hero in the work is not, his place is occupied by insignificant and petty burghers. Outwardly these people create the impression that they live according to the laws of the new system. Their life is filled with Soviet symbols and paraphernalia: a picture of Marx, a sickle and a hammer on clothes. Even addressing each other - comrade. However, this is only the outward side of their lives. The main thing for them is not political ideas and the desire to create something new and perfect, but to collect as many things as possible. It is material wealth and well-being that are of value to the philistines. They think only of themselves. But their main danger is not even in their unworthy aspirations, but how such people easily adapt to new conditions and continue, like a disease, to corrode the social order.

These philistines vulgarize the ideas of revolution and interfere withdevelopment of communism. The poet does not accept such a thing. That is why at the end of the poem there is a fantastic picture: unable to tolerate the talk of the philistines anymore, Marx comes to life in a portrait and calls to curtail their necks.

Composition of the poem and graphic expressive means

how to analyze the Mayakovsky poem about rubbish as planned
An analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "On rubbish" withThe viewpoint of composition includes an assessment of the methods of presentation and construction. Great importance in the poem is the dialogue of philistines, reflecting their values ​​and a view of the world.

Important are andexpressive means. For example, frequent use of diminutive affection suffixes ("ceiling", "bedroom"), which indicates the irony. There are a lot of harsh, rude words in the poem: "scum", "rubbish", "backs". Often the poet resorts to hyperbole, creating absurd pictures.


An analysis of Mayakovsky's poem "On rubbish"briefly can be reduced to the presentation of the main idea of ​​the work. It consists in the striving of the poet to eradicate philistine values ​​that can shake the basic principles of communism.

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