Rereading the classics: Sergei Yesenin, "Soviet Russia" - interpretation and analysis of the poem
When N. Tikhonov said that Yesenin is eternal, he did not at all sin against the truth. Indeed, the lyrics of Sergei Esenin - a unique phenomenon. It looks like a pure spring, priniknuv to which, I want to drink, not detached, life-giving moisture poems of the poet.
The revolution and the peasant question
Those who know Yesenin's biography well, for sureremember his special attitude to the revolution. Peasant roots, rural origin forever tied him to his native land. Therefore, any poet, whether political or social, was considering and evaluating any changes in the country with one side that was extremely important for him: what benefit would they bring to the peasantry, the toilers-growers? Although his family was not considered poor, Sergei Alexandrovich knew very well what life was like for those who barely make ends meet. And he also experienced the most difficult physical labor of the peasants. And he understood well how pernicious for the agrarian country, what tsarist Russia was, the policy of ruin of the people, which was conducted by the government. He accepted the revolution with joy. The Decree on Land became this main reason. Yesenin fervently hoped that the new government would support the peasantry, comprehensively help him, prevent new ruin. That the village people will breathe more freely, eat enough, in prosperity there will be prosperity.
Bitterness of disappointment
Time has shown that in his dreams the poetturned out to be an idealist. The first repressions, the civil war and the terrible famine, the sea that swept the country through the hurricane - all this could not add to optimism. Letters from the village, the stories of the sisters who came to visit, painted a gloomy picture of the hopeless existence of the village. Strong masters were dekulakized, the "middle peasants" were deprived of the necessary for life. And those who belonged to the poor, rarely began to really live better. The power of the Bolsheviks clearly did not really like the peasantry, considering it a proprietary and politically backward class. Moreover, the new order was ruined by that age-old way, to which people are accustomed and considered the basis of their being. It became clear that in the past, not just the old village left - a whole layer of folk culture has sunk into oblivion.
"Blessed is he who visited this world in his fatal moments ..."
Give an assessment of what is happening, rethink everything,that he saw what he faced in the surrounding "furious" world, the poet tries in such works as "Heavenly Drummer", "Sorokoust", "Russia", in the epic poem "Anna Snegina." And in 1924 he wrote a very important, in fact, program poem Esenin. "The Soviet Russia" - so it is called. This is a kind of result of reflection, an attempt to reconcile and try on new reality, a new order and world outlook. And a bitter realization of the impossibility of this. And yet - a deep, all-knowing understanding of their relationship with the motherland, with the road and endlessly beloved Russia. In it, in the original connection of this - the whole Yesenin. "The Soviet Russia", each image of the poem, each of its lines - is a vivid confirmation of this.
Genre and composition
1924 - the last year of the poet's life, at the beginning of the 25thit will not. Therefore, everything that is written shortly before death is so important to us. In such works, you can catch invisible signals, warning beacons, prophecies, which the genius does in moments of divine inspiration. And who will take up the challenge that such a genius from God was Esenin! "The Soviet Russia" is of interest to us, which allows us to look at the past of our country through the eyes of the poet-prophet. According to the genre, the poem can rather be attributed to a small poem. In it is clearly expressed the epic base, dividing the entire text into 4 semantic parts. The main artistic method is the antithesis (opposition). The plot line represents the return of the lyrical hero to his native land after a long absence. This hero is Yesenin. "Soviet Russia" - a look at peasant Russia through the prism of the perception of the native village.
The first part of the poetic text consists of 9stanza. It is permeated with pessimistic sentiments. The poet says that time has shattered friends that he is alone and does not feel himself to be a "citizen of the village", a full-fledged resident of his native village. In the second part (the next 4 stanzas) before our eyes is the "Soviet Russia". Yesenin analyzes the new time, the new system, in general, the new rural Bolshevik world, through everyday everyday sketches. They, like individual puzzles, combined together, give an idea of the picture as a whole. What do we see and hear? Instead of fervent chastooshkas, young people sing the revolutionary agitation of Demyan Bedny under the harmonica. The villagers gathered at a gathering near the volost board building, and in fact before the gathering place, discussions of sore and simple conversations "for living" was the square near the church. And they do not talk about God, but about civil war. Yesenin's poem "The Soviet Russia" (second part) contains the conclusion: "My poetry is no longer needed here ..." Part three (stanzas 15 to 19) reflects the position of the poet in relation to the revolution. He accepts everything, gives his soul "October and May". Only lyre, poetry, inspiration, a divine gift to give to anyone does not want.
So we came to the main thing - to that innerconflict, which makes up the nerve of the work. Continuing the analysis of Esenin's poem "The Soviet Russia", it is important to stop at this moment. On the one hand, the poet has reconciled to what is happening. There is no point in arguing with history. The country, the people chose their own way. And he, like a true citizen and patriot, is ready to share all the bad and good that the wind of change has prepared for Russia. But poetry, the mystery of creativity - is that deeply personal, intimate, secret that is given to man from above and makes him elected. This gift is above everyday bustle, momentary problems. That's how Pushkin treated his talent. Yesenin is close to such a position. In the final, 4 stanza Yesenin expresses his life credo: Homeland - that's what the value and significance can be compared with the poetic gift. And only she, the native of her own Russia, can devote herself without a trace to a poet.
Yesenin is eternal!