/ / We recall the summary. "Masquerade" of Lermontov - a picture of the morals of the 18th century

Remember the summary. "Masquerade" of Lermontov - a picture of the morals of the 18th century

a brief summary of Lermontov's masquerades
When the arrested Lermontov was interrogated ingendarme branch about the "seditious lines" that shook Russia - the response to the death of the great Pushkin - he was then reminded of the "Masquerade" written in 1836. In the third section there were, of course, obscurantists, but not stupid people, Lermontov's drama "Masquerade" was very carefully read by them. Sharp Lermontov criticism of the secular mores of the XVIII century "guardians of morality" compared with the disgraced Griboedov's "Woe from Wit."

"Serves him right in a jail," the Derzhimordas thought, "on what dared to wave this "scribbler" M. Lermontov! Masquerade in the house of Engelhardt! Even the faces of the royal family visit him! "The classic was forced to edit the drama many times, and on the stage of theater, it was published only in 1846, five years after the fateful Pyatigorsk bullet.

After mentioning the drama, let us recall its brief content. "Masquerade" Lermontov immediately, in the first scene introduces us to Eugene Arbenin. Let's characterize this image: a middle-aged man, in the past - a lucky card player (he won a fortune). Went to follow the reason, because "the term has come," but the former player suddenly falls in love with his young wife Nina. His further plans - "tie" with the cards and start a measured, virtuous life of the Russian master. The character of Arbenin is closed, quick-tempered, "ebullient". His wife - Nastasya Pavlovna (in a family way, Nina) - is young, beautiful, she is sincerely in love with her husband. By education - a socialite. She adores tinsel balls, like all her peers of the nobility. Nina, like a child, simply can not stay at home on holidays, when all the court Petersburg is having fun.

m Lermontov masquerade
The plot of the drama is developing dynamically. Arbenin crouched against his will at the card table, yielding to the persuasions of "card" comrades. Not chasing after self-interest, he cold-bloodedly helped to recoup a friend, Prince Zvezdich. With relief, stopping the disgusted game, the prince invites his savior to go to the masquerade for Engelhardt.

Among the general mocking fun Arbenin remainscalm and unruffled. Suddenly, at the ball, an unknown man coming to him portends a misfortune to him. Prince Zvezdich with his head plunged into the general merriment. This - a typical representative of the "golden" noble youth of the XIX century, living on the principle of "after us at least a flood." Only that Arbenin saved him from financial problems, and he is already "torn into battle" - he strives to establish an accidental connection. Arriving at the ball at the Engelhardt Palace, Zvezdich tries to attract the attention of ladies of easy conduct, primitively pretending to be a "romantic hero". His words that "love does not touch his heart" are banal and "worn out".

We recommend the reader this scene in the original,since Lermontov's lines are brighter, more succinct than any short content. "Masquerade" Lermontov plunges us into the true atmosphere of the ball. One of the ladies, hearing the words of the prince, immediately acquainted with him. However, even she can not keep herself from the ironical characteristics of Zvezdich, as "godless", "spineless", "immoral". Lermontov puts into her mouth a caustic description: "puppet" passions, hypocrisy of the whole "century". It seems he means: "Nobles, look at yourself from the outside. Keep yourself dignified, like decent people! ". Do not these lines from the "Masquerade" remember Mikhail Yuryevich gendarmes?

drama of Lermontov masquerade
Dear readers, we are somewhat distracted,leaving at the ball Zvezdich, looking for adventure in his loin beds and finding them, but "on the head" of his friend. Judging by the plot, in the same place, at the ball, there is a "quite ordinary" for the prince casual connection. It is of fundamental importance that the irony is unlikely to be able to convey a summary. "Masquerade" Lermontov consistently develops a pejorative description of the prince, whose "romanticism" was previously laughed at. He, continuing to portray the Shakespearean hero, asks a "beautiful stranger" for any gift "for memory". She is already glad to get rid of the idiot, accidentally her eyes fall on someone's unattractive lost bracelet. The "Mask" raises the find and gives it to Zverzdich.

The delighted prince demonstrates his "trophy"Yevgeny Arbenin. He recalls that somewhere he saw the same, but does not go into memories. He is already fed up with everything here, and he wants to come home quicker, missing Nina.

However, after returning at midnight, Evgeny still has a couplehours waiting for his wife from the ball. Arriving, she, bored, rushed to embrace Arbenin. Suddenly, the husband notices the absence on the right hand of his favorite pair bracelet, the same ... "Treason!" - flashes in his brain. Ambition, selfishness overshadow his love. He, not wanting to hear anything, drives his wife away.

Nina naively believes that, having bought a bauble,similar to the lost, she will reconcile with Arbenin. She goes to a jewelry store. Then, in his misfortune, Baroness Stral calls on his way home. This young widow is courted by Zvezdich. After learning about the lost bracelet Nina, he remembers Mask and begins to flirt with Nina. She, having given him the "baptismal cold", leaves the house. On her departure, Zvezdich, who does not know how to keep silent, lays out his story with the Mask of the Baroness, introducing his acquaintance as Nina. The Baroness is shocked, because she was a frivolous mask herself! Further, the high-society idiot tells of his "feat" half of Petersburg, and also sends a "love" letter to Nina in the Arbeniny's house.

The letter was read by Yevgeny Arbenin. He begins to take revenge. Being an experienced player, starts a game with Prince Zvezdich, where he initiates a delicate situation, in which he publicly accuses the nobleman of cheating. Nina, he, blinded by resentment, decides to kill by poisoning. Arriving at the ball, he is outwardly meek and calm. Nina is happy, thinking that reconciliation is close. She asks Eugene to bring ice cream. The poison is true and fast. That same night a young beauty dies.

In the house Arbeniny appears Zvezdich with a strangerman, a harbinger of unhappiness. The newcomers are eager for a duel. From them Evgeni Arbenin learns that the "mask" was the baroness, and his wife - is innocent. The proof is the letter of the Baroness. He's going crazy.

Let's ask ourselves: "How is it possible to express this concise summary very concisely?". Lermontov's "Masquerade" is a classic drama about jealousy, with truly Shakespearean passions, transferred to the 19th century. Perhaps that's why many critics compare it to Othello?

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